ARABIC LEXICONS. The first Arabic lexicon is that which is generally ascribed to al-Khalil, and entitled Kitibu’l ‘Ain. The following are the most celebrated Arabic dictionaries composed after the ‘Am. The Jamharah,…
ARABIC LEXICONS. The first Arabic lexicon is that which is generally ascribed to al-Khalil, and entitled Kitibu’l ‘Ain. The following are the most celebrated Arabic dictionaries composed after the ‘Am.
The Jamharah, by Ibn Duraid, died A.H. 321.
The Tahzib, by al-Azhari died A.H. 370.
The Muhit, by the Sahib Ibn ‘Abbad, died A.H. 885.
The Mujunal, by Ibn Faris died A.H. 306.
The Sihah, by al-Jauhari, died A.H. 398.
The Jami’, by al-Qa’zzaz, died A.H. 412.
The Mu’ab, by Abu Ghalib, died A.H. 436.
The Muhkam, by Ibn Sidah, died A.H. 458.
The Asas, by ar-Zamakhshari, died A.H. 538.
The Mughrib, by al-Mutarrizi, died A.H. 610.
The ‘Uhab, by as-Sighani, died A.H., 660.
The Lisanu’l-’Arab, by, Ibn Mukarram, died A.H. 711.
The Tahzibu ‘t-Tahzib, by Mahmud at-Tanakhi, died A.H. 723.
The Misbah, by Ahmad Ibn Muhammad al-Faiyumi, compiled A.H. 734.
The Mughni ‘-Labib, by Ibn Hishim, died A.H. 761.
The Qarmus, by al-Faizuzabadi, died A.H. 816.
The Sahah (says Mr. Lane in his Preface to his Dictionary), is among the books of lexicology like the Sahih of Bukhari amongst the books of traditions; for the point on which turns the title to reliance is not the copiousness of the collection, but the condition of genuineness and correctness.
Two well-known dictionaries, compiled in modern times in Hindustan, are the Ghiyasu ’1- Lughat, by Maulawi Ghiyasu ‘d-din of Rampur, and the Muntaha ‘l-’Arab, by ‘Abdu ‘r- Rahim ibn ‘Abdu ’1-Karim of Safipur. These are both Arabic and Persian lexicons.
The Arabic-Latin dictionary of Jacob Golius, was printed at Leyden, A.D. 1658; that of Freytag at Halle, A.D. 1830-35.
The Arabic-English and English-Arabic dictionaries extant are —
Richardson’s Persian-Arabic-English, A.D. 1777.
Richardson’s English-Persian-Arabic, A.D. 1810.
Francis Jehnson’s Persian-Arabic-English, A.D. 1852.
Catafago’s Arabic-English and English-Arabic, new edition, 1873.
Lane’s Arabic-English, A.D. 1863 to 1885 imperfect.
Dr. Badger’s English-Arabic, A.D. 1881.
Dr. Steingass’s English-Arabic, A.D. 1882.
Based on Hughes, Dictionary of Islam