CREATION. Arabic Khalqah. The following are allusions to the Creation which occur in the Qur’an, Surah l. 37. “of old we (God) created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six days, and no weariness touched Us.” Surah xli. 8 “Do ye indeed disbelieve in Him who in two days created the earth? Do ye assign him equals? The Lord of the World is He. And he hath placed on the earth the firm mountains which tower above it and He hath blessed it, and distributed its nourishments throughout it (for the cravings of all are alike) in four days. Then he applied Himself to the heaven which was but smoke: and to it and to the earth He said. “Come ye, in obedience or against your will?” and they both said, “We come obedient.” And He completed them as seven heavens in two days, and in each heaven made known its office; and We furnished the lower heavens with lights and guardian angels. This is the disposition of the Almighty the all knowing one.” Surah xvi 3. “He created the heavens and the earth to set forth his truth, high let Him be exalted above the gods they join with Him! Man hath He created out of a moist germ, yet lo! man is an open caviller. And the cattle! For you He hath created them, &c…. Shall He who hath created be as he who hath not created? Will ye not consider?” Surah xiii 2: “it is God who hath reared the heavens without pillars, thou canst behold: then seated Himself upon His Throne, and imposed laws on the sun and moon; each travelleth to its appointeth goal. He ordereth all things. He maketh His signs clear. Haply ye will have firm faith in a meeting with your Lord. And He it is who hath out stretched the earth, and placed on it the firm mountains, and river; and of every fruit. He hath placed on it two kinds. He causeth the night to enshroud the day” Surah xxxv 12 …God created you of dust – then of the germs of life- then made you two sexes.”
According to the Traditions (Mishkat, xxiv. c. I pt 3), God created the earth on Saturday, the hills on Sunday, the trees on Monday, and unpleasant things on Tuesday, the light on Wednesday, the beast on Thursday and Adam, who was the last of Creation, was created after the time of afternoon prayers on Friday.
Based on Hughes, Dictionary of Islam