HIGHWAY ROBBERY Arabic qat’u ‘t-tariq قطعو الطريق
Persian rahzani. Highway robbery is a very heinous offence according to Muslim law, the punishment of which has been fixed by the Qur’an (Surah v. 37): The recompense of those who was against God and His apostle, and go about to enact violence on the earth, is that they be slain or crucified, or have their alternate hands and feet cut, or be banished from the land.” According to the Hidayah, highway robbers are of four kinds, viz. (1) Those who are seized before they have robbed or murdered any person, or put any person in fear. These are to be imprisoned by the magistrate until their repentance is evident. (2) Those who have robbed but have not murdered. These are to have their right hand and left foot struck off. (3) Those who have committed murder but have not robbed. Those are punished by death. (4) Those who have committed both robbery and murder. These are punished according to the option of the magistrate. If he please, he can first cut off a hand and foot, and then put them to death by the sword, or by crucifixion; or he may kill them at once without inflicting amputation. If any one among a band of robbers be guilty of murder, the punishment of death must be inflicted upon the whole band.
Based on Hughes, Dictionary of Islam