LOT. Arabic Lut لوط
Held by Muslims as “a religeous man,” specially Sent as a prophet to the city of Sodom.
The commentator, al-Baizawi, says that Lot was the son of Haran, the son of Azar, or Tarah, and consequently Abraham’s nephew, who brought him with him from Chaldea into Palestine, where, they say, he was sent by God, to reclaim the inhabitants of Sodom and the other neighbouring Cities, which were overthrown with it, from the unnatural vice to which they were addicted. And this Muslim tradition seems to be countenanced by the words of the apostle, that this righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, “vexed his righteous soul from day to day with their unlawful deeds,” whence it is probable that he omitted no opportunity of endeavouring their reformation. His name frequently occurs in the Qur’an, and will be Seen from the following selections:
Surah vii. 72—82: “We also .sent Lot, when he said to his people, Commit ye this filthy deed in which no creature hath gone before you? Come ye to men, instead of women, lustfully? Ye are indeed a people given up to excess. But the only answer of his people was to say, ‘Turn them out of your city, for they are men who vaunt them pure.’ And we delivered him and his family, except his wife; she was of those who lingered: and we rained a rain upon them: and see what was the end of the wicked!”
Surah xxi. 14, 15: And unto Lot we gave wisdom and knowledge and we rescued him from the city which wrought filthiness; for their were a people, evil, perverse; and we caused men to entertain our mercy, for he was of the righteous.
Surah xxix. 27-34: “We sent also Lot: when he said to his people. Proceed ye to a filthiness in which no people in the world hath ever gone before you? Proceed ye even to men? attack ye them on the highway? and proceed ye to the crime in your assemblies?’ But the only answer of his people was to say, ‘ Bring God’s chastisement upon us, if thou art a man of truth.’ He cried: My Lord! help me against this polluted people. And when our messengers came to Abraham with the tidings of a son, they said, ‘Of a truth we will destroy the in-dwellers in this city, for its in-dwellers are evil doers.’ He said, ‘Lot is therein.’ They said, ‘We know full well who therein is. Him and his family will we save, except his wife; she will be of those who linger.’ And when our messengers came to Lot, he was troubled for them, and his arm was too weak to protect them: and they said,’ Fear not, and distress not thyself, for thee and thy family will we save, except thy wife; she will be of those who linger. We will surely bring down upon the dwellers in this city vengeance from heaven for the excesses they ha-re committed.’ And in what we have left of it is a clear sign to men of understanding.”
Surah xxvi. 160—175: “The people of Lot treated their apostles as liars, when their brother Lot said to them, ‘Will ye not fear God? I am your Apostle worthy of all credit: tear God, then, and obey use. For this I ask you no reward: my reward in of the Lord of the worlds alone. What! with men, of all creatures, will ye have commerce? And leave ye your wives whom your Lord bath created for you? Ah! ye are an erring people!, They said, ‘O Lot, if thou desist not, one of the banished shalt thou surely be.’ He said, ‘I utterly abhor your doings: My Lord! deliver me and my family from what they do.’ So we delivered him and his whole family—save an aged one among those who tarried—-then we destroyed the rest—and we rained a rain upon them, and fatal was the rain to those whom we had warned. In this truly was a sign; but most of them did not believe, But thy Lord! He is the Powerful, the Merciful !”
Surah xxvii. 55-59: “And Lot, ‘when he said to his people, ‘What! proceed ye to such filthiness with your eyes open? What! come ye -with lust unto men rather than to women? Surely ye are an ignorant people.’ And the answer of his people was but to say, ‘Cast out the family of Lot from your city: they, forsooth, are men of purity!’ So we rescued him and his family: but as for his wife, who decreed her to he of them that lingered: and we rained a rain upon them, and fatal was the rain to those who had had their warning.”
Based on Hughes, Dictionary of Islam