MARY THE VIRGIN Arabic Maryam مريم
The mother of Jesus. According to Muhmmadan tradition, and the Qur’an, she was the daughter of ‘Imran and his wife Hannah, and the sister of Aaron.
The account of her birth as given hi the Qur’an is in Surah iii. 31 :—
“Remember when the wife of Imran said, ‘O my Lord! I vow to Thee what is in my womb, for thy special service. Accept it from me, for Thou Hearest, Knowest!’ And when she bad given birth to it, she said, ‘O my Lord? Verily I have brought forth a female,’—God knew what she had brought forth a male is not as a female— ‘and I have named her Mary, and I take refuges with Thee for her and for her offspring, from Satan the stoned. So with goodly acceptance did her Lord accept her, and. with goodly growth did he make her grow. Zacharias reared her. So oft as Zacharias went in to Mary at the sanctuary, he found her supplied with food. Oh Mary!’ said he ‘whence hast thou this?’ She said., it is from God; for God supplieth whom He will, without reckoning !’”
In Surah xix. 28, is the story of her giving birth to Jesus. [JESUS CHRIST]. And when she brought the child to the people, they exclaimed, “O sister of Aaron! Thy father was not a bad man, nor was thy mother a harlot.”
Chistian critics have assumed, and not without much reason, that Muhammad has confused the Mary of the New Testament with the Miriam in the Old, by representing her as the daughter of ‘Imran and the sister of Aaron. It is certainly a cause of some perplexity to the commentators. Al—Baizawi says she was called “sister of Aaron” because she was of the Levities race: but Hussain says that the Aaron mentioned in the verse is not the same person as the brother of Moses.
Muhammad is related to have said that “no child is born but the devil hath touched it, except Mary and her son Jesus.”
Based on Hughes, Dictionary of Islam