Tori Avila – Informed Comment Thoughts on the Middle East, History and Religion Thu, 16 Sep 2021 04:40:11 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Not a Hoax After All: Macho Coronavirus Denialists Donald Trump and Brazil’s Bolsonaro were Exposed at Mar-a-Lago Sun, 15 Mar 2020 04:04:55 +0000 Sao Paulo (Special to Informed Comment) – Last weekend, President Donald Trump met with Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro for a private dinner in Mar-a-Lago, his personal residence in Palm Beach, Florida. It turns out to have been less a state dinner and more a disease vector.

Ironically, both leaders had stubbornly refused to acknowledge the seriousness of the Coronavirus pandemic, which was barely discussed during the dinner. But at that very moment they were, without knowing it, exposed to the virus during their encounter. It turns out one of President Bolsonaro’s aides, Fábio Wajngarten, as well as Brazil’s Chargé d’Affaires Ambassador Nestor Forster, had the disease and didn’t know it until after they went back to Brazil and started experiencing symptoms. It was too late, though: every single guest at that dinner had already been exposed to the virus.

While in the presence of a person breathing out the virus with every breath, the two leaders blithely discussed commercial cooperations between the two countries, the Middle East, socialist regimes in Cuba and Venezuela and the moving of the United States Embassy to Jerusalem.

When asked about the possibility of the new tariffs the US might impose on the Brazilian steel and aluminium, President Trump said he is not making any promises regarding the subject, choosing instead to focus on his bromance with Bolsonaro, reportedly saying that “both countries have a real good relationship, and their friendship is probably the strongest it has ever been”. When the reporter from the Brazilian newspaper O Globo repeated his question regarding the tariffs, Trump insisted he would make no promises.

Ironically, days after going back to Brazil and when asked about the Coronavirus pandemic, President Bolsonaro declared it was “no more than a fantasy” and that the media and the World Health Organization (WHO) were “going too far” when declaring it a major world problem. Before declaring it a national emergency, President Trump also refused to face reality as it is and even said he was not going to be tested for the virus; most recently, during a pronouncement about Coronavirus in the gardens of the White House, the president said he “might” be tested, but not because of last week’s encounter with President Bolsonaro. He finally folded and had himself tested on Friday.

Also on Friday, President Bolsonaro declared through his social media pages that his tests had been “negative”; thousands of loyal followers and voters whom Mr. Bolsonary had systematically misled celebrated the results, writing comments such as “thank God” and “God is protecting you, Mr. President”. Earlier that day, Fox News and other networks had wrongly issued statements declaring that the president had tested positive for the disease. Still, because four people who were in Mr. Bolsonaro’s entourage to the United States currently have Coronavirus, an aide close to his son Eduardo Bolsonaro said that the president and his whole family might be tested again in a few days.

In contrast with Trump, Bolsonaro has yet to declare a state of emergency or to issue any comments on whether more money will be provided to be Health sector.

Their remarks during the past week show that both leaders are in a profound state of denial, and more worried about their own carefully cultivated macho image and political future than about the health of the millions who could be infected because of their inaction.


Bonus video added by Informed Comment:

Al Jazeera English: “Bolsonaro aide who met Trump tests positive for coronavirus”

Soleimani’s Killing is a Global Event: Brazil’s Politicians, Oil Markets Shaken by Mideast Instability Mon, 06 Jan 2020 05:02:34 +0000 Sao Paulo (Special to Informed Comment) – Recently, after the American military action that killed Iranian General Qassem Soleimani in Bagdad, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro said that “Brazil supports any action against terrorism around the world, and so should the entire international community”, and also that “the country has absolutely no intentions to take advantage of the current situation”. He didn’t want to tell the press what he and President Trump talked about on their most recent phone call, though, but claimed that “Brazil is by the United States’ side no matter what”.

President Bolsonaro has already criticised both Iran and the dead general before, yet specialists say Brazil is unlikely to take any sides in an eventual war, at least in the initial stage. In Bagdad, the Brazilian Embassy has issued a note saying that any trips to the country should be suspended, regarding the current situation of uncertainties and speculations, and that it is strongly recommended that any Brazilian citizens living or visiting Iraq should immediately leave the country.

Roberto Castello Branco, President of Brazil’s largest oil company, Petrobras, is very worried about the higher oil prices but, as he declared in a recent interview, he and President Bolsonaro have had a brief talk about the issue and decided not to interfere in the oil pricing for now; there is also a major reunion scheduled for the next Monday, in which all ministers and advisors should be present to avail the situation in Tehran, and whether or not the government should consider interfering in the oil industry, one of the largest ones in Brazil. They should also discuss ways to help reduce the tension between the United States and Iran, seeing as President Bolsonaro declares he is “very close” to President Trump and that the American leader “actually listens to what he says”.

Several Brazilian deputies have gone to their social media pages to make an appeal for peace, or at least for Brazil not to get involved in the situation. Senator Nelsinho Tad, President of the Senate’s International Relations Commission, has made a speech last Friday reminding his fellow Senators that Brazil “is, and always has been, a peace-loving country, and it’s best that we not get involved [in the Iran situation]”. Senator Tad even went as far as saying that President Bolsonaro should not “make any comments about it”, afraid that it might hurt Brazil’s relations with Iran, though Mr. Bolsonaro’s incapacity of staying quiet regarding any world event is widely known within the Brazilian people and the international media.

Finally, it remains to be seen whether the situation between the United States, Iran and both countries’ allies is going to escalate or if diplomacy (something that has been quite forgotten lately) is going to be put into action by one of the two sides soon.

Beef and Oil: Are Brazil’s Bolsonaro and Saudi’s MBS a Match Made in Heaven? Mon, 02 Dec 2019 05:03:52 +0000 By Vitoria Avila Fioravanti | –

Sao Paulo (Special to Informed Comment) – Beef, oil and veiling and a murdered journalist have catapulted the burgeoning relationship between Brazil and the controversial Kingdom of Saudi Arabia into the headlines for the first time this fall, though the two countries have had formal diplomatic relations since 1968. The United States decided not to lift the ban on Brazil’s beef imports in November because of concerns about corruption in its health department and the safety of the product. In contrast, Saudi Arabia has now approved more than ten Brazilian beef exporting plants and recently-elected President Jair Bolsonaro has been forming close ties with Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman since his visit in October.

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Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro (L) shakes hands with Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman as they attend a meeting on the digital economy at the G20 Summit in Osaka on June 28, 2019. (Photo by Jacques Witt / POOL / AFP) (Photo credit should read JACQUES WITT/AFP via Getty Images)

The commodities market sees this step by the president towards a stronger alliance with Saudi Arabia as a very important strategic move. Many journalists and human rights activists, however, have criticized Mr. Bolsonaro for praising the Saudi Prince. They accuse the Saudi government of having ordered the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi and of promoting a “gender apartheid” in the country, where women are relegated to subordinate positions and do not have the same rights as men. The Brazilian government has not responded to the accusations.

President Bolsonaro’s visit to Riyadh last October and his warm embrace of Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman has a definite economic upside. The Brazilian chicken processor BRF has announced its intention to fulfill at least 60% of Saudi Arabia’s demand for halal chicken, and the Saudi Kingdom also claimed that its public investment fund will invest $10 billion in Brazil. in order to deepen their relations and therefore make it its largest partner in Latin America. (Chinese investment still dwarfs that of Saudi Arabia, with a November pledge by Beijing to put $100 billion into Brazil.)

After his State visit to Riyadh, President Bolsonaro told the press that Brazil had even received “an informal invitation” to join the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which was enough to raise expectations and lift the spirits of those interested in the upcoming Petrobras auctions the government might promote in the future. Minister of Economy Paulo Guedes’ plan to privatize the country’s largest petroleum corporation has received both thumbs up (especially from the Bolsonaro administration) and criticism from people who think the current government is trying to “sell” Brazil to countries such as China, Russia, Saudi Arabia and the United States. Regardless of such criticism, Brazilian stock market BOVESPA has reacted postively to the news coming out of President Bolsonaro’s last State visit. Saudi ally the United Arab Emirates has also come on board. Compared to the year before, UAE’s beef imports from Brazil went up 175% in 2019 alone, after agreements began to be outlined by Minister of Agriculture Thereza Cristina.

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TOPSHOT – A protestor waves the Brazilian national flag outside the Duque de Caxias refinery in metroplitan Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on May 28, 2018, where soldiers have been deployed to guarantee the safe transport of fuel for essential services. – A truckers’ strike paralyzing fuel and food deliveries across Brazil entered an eighth day Monday but with hopes of relief after unpopular President Michel Temer caved in to the strikers’ key demand. Road blockages by truckers remained in place across 21 of the country’s 27 states, G1 news site reported. (Photo by Carl DE SOUZA / AFP) (Photo credit should read CARL DE SOUZA/AFP via Getty Images)

Whereas a decade ago, Brazil would have found itself desperate at being banned from selling beef (one of its top export products) to the United States, it is instead finding fruitful partnerships elsewhere. Aside from Arab countries, China, which is currently in a trade war with the United States, has been also drawing itself closer to Brazil and away from the United States through a series of investments in the agribusiness and industry sector. In addition, Brazil is now the largest producer and exporter of halal meat in the world, and the Latin American country has predominantly-Muslim countries such as Iran, Lebanon, Turkey, Malaysia, the UAE and Saudi Arabia in the list of its top trade partners, not only because of the product’s quality, which was doubted back during the 2017 health department bribery scandal, but also as a side effect of the amicable relations and cultural exchanges of these importing countries with Brazil.

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CHUPINGUAIA, BRAZIL – JUNE 28: Cowboys wrestle a bull before giving it an injection at a cattle feed lot in the Amazon on June 28, 2017 near Chupinguaia, Rondonia state, Brazil. The confinement farm currently holds about 38,000 heads of cattle and employs around 125 full-time workers. At peak capacity the farm dispenses around 900 metric tons of feed to the cattle per day. Brazil is the world’s largest exporter of red meat and poultry and annually exports more than $12 billion per year. Brazil holds 212 million heads of cattle- the largest herd of commercial cattle on the planet. Brazil’s finance minister said he expects the U.S. to remove the ban on importing fresh Brazilian beef soon. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images).

As a matter of fact, Mr. Bolsonaro himself once said that Brazil “can be considered an Arab country”, making an allusion to the large number of Brazilians of Arab descent and to the fact that Brazil currently has the largest Muslim population in Latin America, which some observers put as high as 1.5 million. As of November 21, the Brazilian Senate, with the presence of the Saudi ambassador, reinstalled the Parliamentary Group Brazil-Saudi Arabia, which holds the purpose of developing bilateral relations between the Legislative sectors of both countries and comes exactly a month after President Bolsonaro’s visit to the country in October.

Still, as greatly as this growing relationship seems to succeed at raising economic expectations (especially in the commodities sector), not everything is coming up roses. Mr. Bolsonaro faced heavy criticism back at home after declaring that he and Prince Mohammad bin Salman shared “a good deal of affinity” and that “anyone would like to spend an afternoon with him [the prince], especially women”.

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A protestor wears a mask of depicting Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad Bin Salman with red painted hands next to people holding posters of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi during the demonstration outside the Saudi Arabia consulate in Istanbul, on October 25, 2018. – Jamal Khashoggi, a Washington Post contributor, was killed on October 2, 2018 after a visit to the Saudi consulate in Istanbul to obtain paperwork before marrying his Turkish fiancee. (Photo by Yasin AKGUL / AFP) (Photo credit should read YASIN AKGUL/AFP via Getty Images)

Opposition members, journalists and human rights and feminist activists came to social networks such as Twitter and Facebook to accuse President Bolsonaro, whom they call a “fascist, racist and sexist”, of sympathising with a “heartless murderer who promotes gender apartheid and censures the press”, alluding to the accusations of Prince bin Salman being involved in the killing of Washington Post’s journalist Jamal Khashoggi. Most of the international community believes that the assassination was ordered by the Saudi crown prince, which led Brazilian-Lebanese journalist Guga Chacra to comment that “President Bolsonaro would do well to question the bloodthirsty, murderous Saudi dictator with whom he is reunited about the reasons why feminist activist Loujain Al-Hathloul was arrested and tortured in Saudi Arabia” and that “it is a shame that Ocidental democratic countries still meet the de facto Saudi dictator during summits”.

Nor is Chacra alone in these sentiments, though President Bolsonaro is notorious for his contempt toward the press. The Brazilian leader, faced with the possibility of developing economic and political ties with a rich state such as Saudi Arabia, clearly cares little about the reputational downside of associating with leaders who hold dubious reputations.


Bonus Video added by Informed Comment:

Emirates News Agency: “EXCLUSIVE: President Bolsonaro says people can ‘consider Brazil as an Arab country'”