Iraq: Is the Battle of Amerli a Turning Point?

By Juan Cole

The Iraqi military is maintaining that it has successfully relieved the town of Amerli (pop. 15,000) in northern Iraq from a siege by ISIL (the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant). If true, this is the first success of the Baghdad military against ISIL since Mosul fell in early June. Repeated attempts to move up from Samarra and take Tikrit have failed. But the operation in Amerli is said to have pushed ISIL back into the western desert.

Units of the Kurdish Peshmerga paramilitary also fought in the operation, as did Shiite militiamen. Amerli lies about 100 miles northeast of Baghdad.

amerli

According to al-Arabiya, Iraqi military spokesman Qasim Ata said Sunday morning that the Iraqi army had entered Amerli and broken the ISIL siege of the Turkmen Shiite town.

He said that the army had entered Amerli from the southern village of Habash, and that a further three columns were converging on the town from other directions, amid heavy fighting.

On Saturday, a Pentagon spokesman said that the United States had strafed ISIL positions around Amerli and had air-dropped humanitarian aid to the besieged town. The operation Saturday had been directly authorized by President Barack Obama, who had returned to the White House Friday evening and spent Saturday morning directing the operation.

Also on Friday and Saturday, thousands of members of the Shiite militias, the Badr Corps and the Salaam Brigades (formerly the Mahdi Army) had announced military operations against Sunni villages near Amerli that were serving as ISIL bases. The Badr Corps used guerrilla tactics, avoiding the improvised explosive devices set on the main roads for a conventional army by ISIL:

A caution: There is still heavy fighting in the surrounding villages:

The fanatics of ISIL, called Salafi jihadis, view Shiites as wretched heretics deserving of death. They had earlier attacked the Yezidi minority in the north, which fled in the hundreds of thousands to Syria. There are about half a million Turkmen in northern Iraq. They speak a dialect of the Turkish spoken in neighboring Turkey. They are evenly divided between Sunnis and Shiites, though previously their Shiism was not orthodox. Many Turkmen Shiites have converted in recent decades to orthodox Shiism of the sort practiced in southern Iraq and in Iran.

The three immediate front lines in the struggle to push ISIL back out of Iraq are Diyala Province to the east, al-Anbar Province to the west, and Salahuddin province just north of Baghdad. Amerli is in southern Salahuddin.

If the Iraqi forces had the victory they claim there, it appears to have been a result of a combination of forces. US air strikes softened up ISIL on Saturday. Kurdish Peshmerga joined the fight. Thousands of Badr Corps militiamen, originally trained by Iran and associated with the Shiite political party, the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, joined in the fight. These are essentially Arabic-speaking counterparts of the Iranian revolutionary guards. Salaam Brigades of Muqtada al-Sadr are also said to have been involved.

Amerli, though, may not tell us so much about the battles to come. It is a largely Shiite town, so the esprit de corps of the Iraqi Army and the Shiite militias was bucked up by the prospect of rescuing it. Apparently the same enthusiasm is not there for reducing a strongly Sunni town like nearby Tikrit, where the local population would be hostile to a Shiite-Kurdish-Baghdad Army conquest.

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Related video

Ruptly: Iraq Ministry of Defense video (no sound) of earlier helicopter rescue of some women and children from Amerli

3 Responses

  1. There are some contradiction in driving isil out of Iraq. Where to you sagest they go?
    I think the victory belong to the residents of Amerli who resisted isil. Everybody else show up months later to help. Your last paragraph says it all. A house to house fight with ied and suiciders will be different. a pointless meat grinder and a disaster for the army, peshmerga and militia.

  2. The hesitation to ‘re-take’ cities where demographics imply heavy losses are likely to occur, should be met with Saudi diplomacy and negotiations.

    I’m not sure what allegiance (or choice for that matter) the regular citizens hold, but I can’t imagine Baghdad being satisfied with losing both Kirkuk oil, and large parts of the Euphrates and Tigris valleys.

    If operations continue to reduce the ISIS troop levels across the ‘theater’ it may allow citizens to revolt, or ISIS members to flee / surrender.

    Of course, Israel’s current leadership is probably just as likely to just march(sic) on Damascus and begin strafing everything in sight.

    May God have mercy on us all.

  3. New York Times front page story on Sept. 1, 2014: U.S. and Iran Are Unlikely Allies in Battle for Iraqi Town: “The fight for Amerli, in northern Iraq, appeared to mark the first time American warplanes and militias backed by Iran were working with a common purpose on the battlefield against militants from the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.”

    For regular NYT readers who cannot imagine Iran and the U.S. working together, it is not disputed that Iran provided vital intelligence and logistical support before, during, and after the U.S.-led military operations in Afghanistan that resulted in the overthrow of the Taliban. link to detailedpoliticalquizzes.wordpress.com

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