JOB Arabic Aiyub ايوب
Mentioned in the Qur’an as a prophet and an example of patience.
Surah xxi. 83, 84: “And remember Job: when he cried to his Lord, ‘Truly evil hath touched me: but Thou art the most merciful of those who show mercy.’ So we heard him, and lightened the burden of his woe; and we gave him back to his family, and as many more with them – a mercy from us, and a memorial for those who serve us.”
Surah xxxviii. 40-44: “And remember our servant Job when he cried to his Lord. ‘Verily, Satan hath laid on me disease and pain.’ ‘Stamp,’ said we ‘with thy foot. This is to wash with; cool and to drink.’ And we gave him back his family and as many more with them in our mercy; and for a monition to men of judgement. And we said, ‘Take in thine hand a rod, and strike with it, nor break then oath.’ Verily we found him patient! How excellent a servant, one who turned to us, was he!”
Surah iv. 161: “And we have inspired thee as we inspired…..Jesus and Job and Jonah, and Aaron and Solomon.”
Surah vi. 84: “And we have guided….David and Solomon, and Job, and Joseph.”
Mr. Sale, following the commentators al-Jalalan and al-Baizawi, says: “The Muslim writers tell us that Job was of the race of Esau, and was blessed with a numerous family and abundant riches, but that God proved him by taking away all that he had, even his children, who were killed by the fall of a house: notwithstanding which he continued to serve God and to return Him thanks as usual; that he was then struck with a filthy disease, his body being full of worms and so offensive that as he lay on the dunghill none could bear to come near him: that his wife, however (whom some call Rahmeh the daughter of Ephraim the son of Joseph, and other Makhir the daughter of Manasses), attended him with great patience, supporting him with what she earned by her labor; but that the devil appearing to her one day, after having reminded her of her past prosperity, promised her that if she would worship him he would restore all they had lost; whereupon she asked her husband’s consent who was so angry at the proposal, that he swore, if he recovered, to give his wife a hundred stripe; and that after his affliction his wealth increased, his wife also becoming young and handsome again, and bearing him twenty-six sons. Some, to express the great riches which were bestowed on Job after his sufferings, say he had two threshing floors, one for wheat and the other for barley, and that God sent two clouds, which rained gold on the one and silver on the other till they ran over. The traditions differ as to the continuance of Job’s calamities: one will have it to be eighteen years: another, thirteen; another, three; and another, exactly seven months and seven hours.
Based on Hughes, Dictionary of Islam