Prince’s Islamophilia as a Problem: “It’s fun to be in Islamic Countries”

By Juan Cole | (Informed Comment) | – –

in a 2011 interview in The Guardian, the late musician Prince said something that surprised his interviewer, Dorian Linskey:

“It’s fun being in Islamic countries, to know there’s only one religion. There’s order. You wear a burqa. There’s no choice. People are happy with that.”

Mr. Linskey, music writer for The Guardian, appears to have been taken aback by the assertion. He asked Prince about the women who dislike wearing the full-face veil or burqa.

“There are people who are unhappy with everything . . . There’s a dark side to everything.”

These brief remarks demonstrate that Prince was the opposite of the typical American Islamophobe. He was favorable to Islam and Muslims despite being a devout Christian himself in late life (this position is called Islamophilia, or love for Islam in Greek as opposed to fear of it). Those who hate Islam project their anxieties on it, seeing it as fostering violence and lawlessness and fanaticism. They ignore that Western societies in the past two centuries have been many times more violent than Muslim ones. They make “Muslim” a marked identity, as the exotic and exceptional, and for that reason can never accept the normalization of American Islam.


Mr. Linskey did not look convinced. Prince became impatient with trying to defend his position:

“I don’t want to get up on a soapbox. My view of the world, you can debate that for ever. But I’m a musician. That’s what I do. And I also am music. Come to the show for that.”

So when Prince toured Muslim countries (he was in the United Arab Emirates in 2010 and again in 2015), he formed a view of the religion and its culture. This was long after Larry Graham, former bassist for Sly and the Family Stone, had introduced him to the Jehovah’s Witnesses, the religion he embraced at the turn of the Millennium. He even went proselytizing door to door for it. He remarked,

“I was anti-authoritarian but at the same time I was a loving tyrant. You can’t be both. I had to learn what authority was. That’s what the Bible teaches. The Bible is a study guide for social interaction. . . If I go to a place where I don’t feel stressed and there’s no car alarms and airplanes overhead, then you understand what noise pollution is. Noise is a society that has no God, that has no glue. We can’t do what we want to do all the time. If you don’t have boundaries, what then?”

So here’s the problem. After partying like it was 1999, Prince sought spiritual structure for his perhaps out of control life. Once he became a Jehovah’s witness, his lyrics became less obsessed with sex. He clearly felt that that the Jehovah’s Witnesses gave him some sort of social power to fight off overwhelming impulses.

Prince said that he turned to the Bible for guidance in how to interact with others.

It is in this context of his own conversion to a puritanical and rather controlling religious sect that his remarks on Islam make sense. He clearly saw it as an analogue to the Jehovah’s Witnesses. The sense of order and moral absolutes he had found in his own sect were also present in the Islam he saw in the Gulf.

There is order, he said, in Muslim societies. In the Gulf, men tend to wear the thawb or loose robes, which allows air to circulate next to the skin so as to cool off in the torrid heat. On their heads they wear a covering against sun and sand, the ghutra or white kaffiyyah. It is held in place by an agal (`iqal), a black cord. Women in the Gulf tend to wear the black burqa or niqab, a robe and then a full-face veil. (They are often dressed very fashionably underneath).


Prince was in error that all Muslims dress in this Gulfie way. Actually only the small citizen populations in the Gulf– 1.4 million in the UAE, 250,000 in Qatar, 20 million in Saudi Arabia, etc., wear this kind of clothing. The other 300 million Arabs tend to wear European clothing, and they have as much choice in what to wear as any Westerner does.

Likewise, the idea that there is only one religion in a place like the United Arab Emirates is daft, though it is true that almost all Emiratis are Muslim. But they are only 18% of the resident population. Some 55% of the resident population is Muslim and a quarter are Hindus. There are also Nepalese and Sri Lankan Buddhists. and Filipino Catholics. The Gulf is religiously a hodgepodge. Even the native Gulfies are divided among Sunni and Shiite and Wahhabi and Sufi and secular.

So the monochrome character of religious life in the Gulf is a myth that Prince projected on the place out of ignorance, and it seems to me to symbolize for him the good society, the kind of society where everyone was a Jehovah’s Witness.

Many Muslim women in the world do not veil, i.e. do not wear anything on their heads, and even fewer did so just a few decades ago. The full face veil and black robe or burqa is unusual. It is a kind of national dress for many Gulf women, but only puritanical Salafis wear it elsewhere in the Muslim world. Egypt is preparing legislation to ban the burqa as un-Egyptian. There are 85 million Egyptians and only a few million Gulfies.

Whether Gulf women are happy to wear the veil is difficult to know. But Prince thought most of them were happy to have order imposed via their clothing. Prince seems to have resented being made by his celebrity to be sartorially extravagant. He saw the burqa the way you might see Amish dress, as chaste, ordering and plain.

Prince’s remarks about Islam were therefore idealizations based on a limited exposure. He identified the tiny Gulf states as normative, when they are not. And he idealized places like the UAE. The Emirates are relatively orderly, but not as Prince imagined. Juvenile delinquents hotrod their sports cars through the streets. Ski jet operators buzz beach goers. There is a small but significant drug problem. There is a big problem with obesity.

In the end, Prince’s express admiration for Islam as he encountered it did the religion and Muslims a disservice. He used it for the purposes of the US Religious Right, to symbolize the opposite of American individualism, against which he was by then rebelling. He used it as a symbol of order and conformity.

This view of Islam is positive. It is, however, monochrome and inaccurate.

Westerners have to stop using Islam to symbolize things that have gone wrong in their own societies, and instead to take it on its own terms.

Top 7 ways Harriet Tubman is the most Badass Spy & Warrior ever to grace US Currency

By Juan Cole | (Informed Comment) | – –

Despite US schools’ tendency to give students several years of American history, over and over again, most of us probably have only a foggy idea who Harriet Tubman, chosen to replace Andrew Jackson on the $20 bill, was.

That she was an abolitionist and helped out with the Underground Railroad might lurk in the back of the mind. But she didn’t just help out. She led what were essentially armed guerrilla raids into enemy territory. That role prepared her to be one of the great spies in American intelligence history, during the Civil War, serving President Lincoln.

That’s right. She was Jane Bond in the mid-19th century.

Not content to provide intelligence, she actually led a company-sized military unit of 150 men (making her the equivalent of a captain or major) in a riverine naval raid that freed hundreds of slaves and destroyed the estates of several major wealthy secessionists.


US History writes:

“Perhaps the most outstanding “conductor” of the Underground Railroad was Harriet Tubman. Born a slave herself, she began working on the railroad to free her family members. During the 1850s, Tubman made 19 separate trips into slave territory. She was terribly serious about her mission. Any slave who had second thoughts she threatened to shoot with the pistol she carried on her hip.”

Here, then, are seven ways Tubman was a badass:

1. She led 19 dangerous expeditions into the South to bring slaves up north and to freedom.

2. She wore a pistol on her hip during these expeditions.

3. She threatened to shoot any slaves who got cold feet once the rescue was initiated. She freed some 70 slaves from Maryland and helped 50 or 60 more got to Canada.

4. In 1862-3 she carried out dangerous espionage missions in South Carolina for the Union army, working with General David Hunter.

5. She then led the Combahee River raid on South Carolina; explains:

“On the night of June 2nd three federal gunboats set sail from Beaufort, South Carolina up the Combahee River. Tubman had gained vital information about the location of Rebel torpedoes planted along the river from slaves who were willing to trade information for freedom. Because of this information Tubman was able to steer the Union ships away from any danger. She led the ships to specific spots along the shore where fugitive slaves were hiding and waiting to be rescued . . . eventually 750 boarded the vessels. The boats however had a specific military mission. They carried Union troops who came on shore and succeeded in destroying several influential South Carolina estates owned by leading secessionists, including the plantations of the Heywards, the Middletons, and the Lowndes families. Many of the Union soldiers who took part in the raid were former slaves who saw the burning and pillaging of these estates as an opportunity to enact revenge on the master class.”

6. concludes: “Harriett Tubman was the only woman known to have led a military operation during the American Civil War.”

7. After the war, Tubman supported women’s rights and the granting of the vote to women. The Harriet Tubman Historical Society explains:

“Many supporters of Harriet Tubman during her Underground Railroad years who let her use her properties to harbor fugitives and funded her trips, were involved in the women’s rights movement. After the Civil War Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Canton and Lucretia Mott had become strong advocates and leaders of the women’s rights movement. Tubman believed in the equality of all people, black or white, male or female, which made her sympathetic to the women’s rights movement. Tubman’s role was not that of a leader but that of a strong supporter. As a woman who had fought for her own freedom and the freedom of others, Tubman set to work with her friends by touring and giving speeches about her own experiences as a female slave and as the liberator of hundreds born under the bondage of slavery.” observes,

” In 1911, two years before she died, she attended a meeting of the suffrage club in Geneva, New York, where a white woman asked her: “Do you really believe that women should vote?” Tubman reportedly replied, “I suffered enough to believe it.”

Tubman died in 1913. Women got the vote in 1920.

What GOP New Yorkers just voted for: Torture, Syria Intervention, murder of innocents

By Juan Cole | (Informed Comment) | – –

In the wake of his big win in New York, I want to push back once more against the normalization of Trump as a legitimate presidential candidate, given his policy positions. Let us remember what the Republicans of New York voted for (there are hardly any Republicans in New York City, so it can be spared the shame).

Here is what the Republicans of New York voted for:


I wrote earlier this month,

“In a recent telephone interview with CNN’s Wolf Blitzer, Trump argued “we have to change our law on the waterboarding thing,” that he would “go further” than waterboarding . . . Trump concludes that our respect for the rule of law places us at an unfair advantage in our shared struggle against violent extremism. “We have to change our laws and we have to be able to fight at least on almost equal basis. We have laws that we have to obey in terms of torture. They have no laws whatsoever that they have to obey . . .”

In other words, Trump wants the US to act like ISIL and wants to repeal the 8th Amendment and flout US treaty obligations in international law.

That is what New York voted for.

Murdering women and children

Trump has advocated killing the wives and children of Daesh (ISIL, ISIS) fighters. He has also advocated taking them hostage so as to control Daesh:

“We have to be much tougher and much stronger than we’ve been, . . . I would be very, very firm with families. . . Frankly, that will make people think, because they may not care much about their lives, but they do care, believe it or not, about their families’ lives.”

Deliberately killing innocents is murder. Blaming them for what their relative did is collective punishment, which is repugnant. Using their lives to manipulate terrorists is disgusting. These are war crimes.

Patrolling or closing mosques in US


I think we have to be extremely vigilant in those areas, we have to look very seriously at the Mosques. Lots of things happening in the Mosques, that’s been proven. You look at what’s going on in Paris where Mosques are being closed, OK? And, we have to look very, very seriously.

This is a repeal of the first amendment.

Massive US invasion of Syria

A little over a month ago, Trump said that defeating Daesh might require “20,000 to 30,000” U.S. troops. He said, “We don’t fight like we used to fight . . . We used to fight to win. Now we fight for no reason whatsoever. We don’t even know what we’re doing.”

Well, someone doesn’t know what he is doing.

Shame on the Republicans of New York. Shame.


Related video:

Donald J. Trump Victory Speech New York April 19th, 2016

6 Policies Obama wants Saudi Arabia to Change

By Juan Cole | (Informed Comment) | – –

After his critical comments in an interview in The Atlantic last month, Barack Obama’s visit to Saudi Arabia is going to be awkward, as DPA rightly says. The president accused the Gulf states of always trying to push the US into war for the accomplishment of their purposes but then acting like free riders thereafter. (This comment likely refers to Libya, where Obama felt as though the Arab League and Western Europe just sloughed off after the US did the heavy lifting). He advised the Saudis and their close allies to get over themselves and come to a cold peace with Iran. He said his decision not to bomb Syria in fall of 2013 was a declaration of independence from Riyadh.

He has also blamed Saudi Arabia for spreading around its intolerant, Wahhabi version of Islam, a very minority version of the religion that is puritanical and dislikes outsiders. (Probably only 40% of Saudis are Wahhabis, hence maybe 9 million of the kingdom’s 22 million citizens. There aren’t really any Wahhabis elsewhere outside Qatar and Sharjah, though millions of people have become Salafis, i.e. Sunnis who come close to Wahhabism but don’t want to leave their Sunni traditions entirely. So there are 1.5 billion Muslims, and most of them are not Puritanical or xenophobic and most of them are fine with women driving and disapprove of the full face veil (a lot of Muslim women don’t cover their heads at all). But it should also be noted that there is no statistical relationship between Wahhabism and extremism (most Wahhabis are not extremists any more than most Shiites or Sunnis are).

Obama’s annoyance with Riyadh has some justification, given the muscular Wahhabism it has been flexing in recent years. Here are the top 5 policies Saudi Arabia should rethink if it wants a less turbulent neighborhood:

1. Saudi Arabia should wind down its air war on Yemen. It was launched to punish the Houthi rebels for taking over Sanaa, the capital. Houthis are Zaidi Shiites and have a feud with Wahhabi Saudi Arabia because they resent being proselytized by the latter. Some of the feud is also tribal. Saudi Arabia sees the Houthis as nothing more than Iranian puppets, but that is daft. They may have received minor amounts of Iranian aid. But they aren’t the Iranian kind of Shiites (they don’t have ayatollahs and they respect the Sunni caliphs). What is going on in Yemen has almost nothing to do with Iran. It is about the discontents of the tribes of Saadeh in the north at having been marginalized and having been subjected to a Wahhabi conversion campaign. The Houthis over reached in launching their rebellion, and they have thrown the country into turmoil and derailed the constitutional process. But they can’t be defeated from the air, and indiscriminate Saudi bombing is doing more harm than good. By the way, Saudi Arabia dragged the US into this struggle, with the US military helping choose bombing targets and offering logistical support.

2. Saudi Arabia should rethink its intervention in Syria. It is delivering medium weapons such as t.o.w. anti-tank weapons (courtesy the CIA) and maybe manpad anti-aircraft weapons to the most hard line Salafi groups in Syria aside from the al-Qaeda offshoots. A group like Jaysh al-Islam (Army of Islam) or Ahrar al-Sham (Freemen of Syria) can never hope to attract the allegiance of most Syrians (most are secular-minded and a good 40% belong to religious and ethnic minorities who would be massacred by the hard line Salafis.) Syria is too multi-cultural for the Saudi model to do more than cause enormous trouble there. Riyadh in the past has been pragmatic and willing to back secular liberals, and it should do that in Syria. Some of its Syrian allies, like the Freemen of Syria, are openly allied with al-Qaeda, which is not a good look for the kingdom. A Salafi Syria will just go on generating violence, given that the minorities would never accept it, nor would the majority of Sunnis. And now that Russia has so forcefully intervened, the hopes for a Salafi Syria have anyway receded to the realm of the almost impossible. All Saudi Arabia can do now play spoiler and keep the pot boiling to disrupt the pax Russica with ongoing mindless violence. The Freemen of Syria and the Army of Islam have broken the ceasefire repeatedly and the former has taken towns back from the regime during the cessation of hostilities in open alliance with al-Qaeda (the Nusra Front). Obama should read the Saudis the riot act over all this.

And why is he letting them give out the CIA-provided T.O.W. tank-killers? Isn’t it obvious that weaponry will go to the hard line Salafis?

3. Obama should encourage the Saudis to go further in the direction of rethinking their campaign to have the Muslim Brotherhood declared terrorists and destroyed. First, it is an impractical plan. Second, it has undone all the progress that was made after 2011 in reconciling the secular-minded with the fundamentalists, such that both were willing to contest elections together and serve in government together. Now, with Saudi encouragement, Egypt has cracked down hard on the Brotherhood, disenfranchising millions of Egyptians. Ironically, many of the small guerrilla bands the Saudis support in Syria have their origins in the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood.

4. Saudi Arabia needs to come into the 21st century and stop its frenetic rate of executions and its punishing of online dissent with life-crushing lashes. The Saudi government isn’t going to fall because some blogger has doubts about God. And if that is all it would take to cause the government to fall, then it deserves to.

5. Riyadh, as President Obama advised, needs to reconcile itself with the Iran deal made by the UN Security Council, and with Iran’s reemergence as a country with which the region and the world does business. King Abdullah used to have the Iranian politicians, even Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, over to Riyadh, and the two countries consulted one another frankly despite differences. King Salman and his crew seem to want a fight, whether proxy or direct. It is not a fight they will win, and negotiating with Iran would be a more successful strategy.

6. Saudi Arabia has to be more transparent about its government’s relationship to the Salafi Jihadis who pulled off 9/11. The Saudi government was not behind 9/11 or in the know about it. Saudi Arabia has enormous investments in US stocks and other financial instruments, and it was obvious that something like an attack on the World Trade Center would tank the stock market and wipe out the value of their holdings. Only transparency about any contacts the kingdom had with al-Qaeda (especially if those were innocuous) can lift the building cloud. President Obama will veto a congressional attempt to lift Saudi Arabia’s immunity from civil lawsuits by ordinary Americans. But the next president may not block a future such measure. In the Middle East you stay out of trouble by keeping your head down. In the US you are a sitting duck if you do keep your head down– it is loudness and activity that protects you politically.


Related video:

Wochit: Anticipating Obama Visit, Saudis Try To Clean Up Image

Top 7 Reasons Israel must give back the Occupied Golan to Syria

By Juan Cole | (Informed Comment) | – –

The far right wing regime of Binyamin Netanyahu pulled the stunt of holding its first cabinet meeting in the Occupied Golan Heights on Sunday, and Netanyahu engaged in some grandstanding, declaring that Israel will never relinquish this patch of Syria.

Israeli propaganda maintains that Israel is vulnerable to shelling from the Golan Heights. But Moshe Dayan admitted that

“he regretted not having stuck to his initial opposition to storming the Golan Heights. There really was no pressing reason to do so, he said, because many of the firefights with the Syrians were deliberately provoked by Israel, and the kibbutz residents who pressed the Government to take the Golan Heights did so less for security than for the farmland.”

Although the New York Times reported this story about Israeli provocations and the actual reasons for the occupation in the late 1990s, it today goes on repeating the old propaganda myths.

1. It is not illegal for Israel temporarily to occupy Syrian territory as a result of a war, as it did in Golan in 1967. But it is illegal for it permanently to annex the territory of a neighbor, according to the United Nations charter (Article 2, paragraph 4: “All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.”> Permanent annexation is an injury to the territorial integrity of another United Nations member, which is not allowed as of 1945.

2. The UN Charter was trying to ensure that the bad behavior of the Axis powers was not repeated. Mussolini occupied part of France in WW II and tried to annex it to Italy and settle it. We want the world to grow up and stop behaving the way Mussolini did. Israel as a country established by people who suffered from Axis war crimes has a special duty to uphold the UN Charter in ending aggressive warfare and annexation of neighbors’ territory.

3. Israel is setting a bad example through this aggressive expansionism. There isn’t any difference between what Moshe Dayan described as having happened in the Golan Heights in 1967 and Saddam Hussein’s invasions and attempted annexations of Iranian Khuzistan and then of Kuwait. In fact, powerful Bush administration officials such as Paul Wolfowitz worried that most of the case against the Saddam Hussein regime put forward as the basis for an American attack on it could also have been made against Israel.

4. Israel’s annexation detracts from the rule of law in a region that desperately needs a rule of law. The international community, especially the European Union, won’t put up with this sort of thing forever, either. There are already European government advisories to European companies not to do business with the Israeli squatter firms in the Palestinian West Bank, since it could open them to being sued in European courts. The same will be true of Golan.

5. The Israeli occupation of the Golan involves outright theft of Druze-owned land by the Israeli government and the squatters it backs. This illegality on the level of how families’ property is usurped mirrors the international illegality of the annexation of the whole territory.

6. Further, the international community has a vested interest in restoring Syrian territorial integrity once the civil war is ended. While Syria may move to a federal system, it is likely to be reconstituted as a united state, and the legitimacy of that new government will depend on it pressing its claim for all Syrian territory. Indeed, the al-Assad regime was weakened in the first place in the eyes of Syrian by its weakness in the face of Israeli aggression.

7. Israel’s belligerent declarations that it will never return its ill-gotten gains set the grounds for some future war. Syria won’t be a basket case forever, and Syrians are never going to accept the loss of the Golan. There has been enough war in the Levant; we should see to it that unnecessary casi belli or grounds for future wars are set aside and resolved.

It would be legitimate for Israel to negotiate the return of the Golan Heights to Syria as part of a peace process (which Prime Minister Ehud Barak seemed willing to do only 15 years ago). But it is immoral, illegal, and destructive for Tel Aviv to seek permanent annexation of territory won in war. As I have pointed out, Iran really was brutally attacked by Iraq in 1980, and was subjected to an 8-year war, and yet Tehran did not seek to retain or annex Iraqi territory once the fighting ended in 1988. In this regard, the Islamic Republic is more exemplary than the State of Israel.


Related videos added by Juan Cole:

1. New China TV: “Netanyahu: Golan Heights will remain Israel’s ‘forever'”

2. Press TV: “Syria vows to use ‘any means necessary’ to take back Golan Heights”

Arab-Americans, including ‘Watan’ Newspaper, Endorse Bernie Sanders

By Juan Cole | (Informed Comment) | – –

Many Arab-Americans want the Jewish candidate to be president. The prominent Arabic-language newspaper for that community in Southern California, Watan (“A Nation”), has endorsed Bernie Sanders.

This outcome is not as strange as it might appear. Arab-Americans (who include Christians and Muslims) had been split between the Democratic and Republican Parties until roughly 2003, when the Bush administration decided to invade and occupy a major Arab country. Then in 2006, the Republican Party decided to demonize Muslims by taking the religion of Islam with ‘fascism’ and ‘terrorism.’

The Muslim-Americans were stampeded into the Democratic Party, as were most Arab-Americans. It was an uneasy fit, since most Americans of both heritages are critics of Israeli policies toward the Palestinians in the Occupied Territories, whereas the Democratic Party has long been much more knee-jerk pro-Israel than the Realist Republicans (George H. W. Bush had a major tiff with Israel; Bill Clinton may as well have been an Israeli).

But with the rise of the Evangelicals in the GOP, who are revealed by opinion polls to be the most negative toward Muslims of all American populations, and the strategy of the party of appealing to ‘Angry White Men’ by denouncing immigrants and Muslims and Latinos, most Arab Americans and Muslim Americans felt they had no choice but to go Democratic. That choice has been reinforced by the hate speech against Muslims promulgated by Donald Trump and Ted Cruz in this electoral campaign. Even Kasich is guilty of some pandering to white supremacists in this regard.

Muslim Americans number only a few million; self-identified Arab-Americans are at least 5 million (it would be several times more except that many Lebanese, the largest such group, don’t think of themselves as Arab if they are Christian, and they intermarried with US Catholics and so are often only one part Lebanese). But they have an outsized impact on US elections. They have communities of several hundred thousand each in Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Florida. The margins of victory for the two parties in several of those states is often very thin. So several tens of thousands of Arab or Muslim voters could actually help determine the outcome, both in the state and nationally!

Both Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders on the Democratic side have defended American Muslims and Arabs.

Watan noted that Sanders lived in a kibbutz in his youth in what the paper calls “Occupied Palestine” (but it later spoke of “Israeli” kibbutzes). But it went on to praise Sanders for voting in 1991 to hold up aid for Israel because of its colonization of the Palestinian West Bank; and it praised him for voting in 1990 against the Gulf War (Sanders did not think the war would make the Middle East more stable).

It then lauds him for his opposition to the Bush administration’s USA PATRIOT Act (which weakened 4th amendment protections against unreasonable search and seizure), and for his 2002 stance against the Iraq War.

The paper carefully lays out his domestic policies, including his concern with growing wealth inequality and the impunity of Wall Street and the big banks.

It notes that Sanders’s demand for even-handedness in US policy toward Israel and Palestine is unusual in the Democratic Party.

A major Arab-American leader and head of the Arab American Institute, James Zogby, has also endorsed Sanders; his reasons for doing so are completely centered on the senator’s domestic policies.


Related video added by Juan Cole:

The Young Turks: “How Bernie Sanders Is Inspiring Americans Of EVERY Religion”

Saadi on Impatient Love (Poem of the Day)

By Muslih al-Din “Saadi” Mushrif ibn Abdullah Shirazi | Trans. Reynold A. Nicholson | – –

The heart that loves with patience — a stone ’tis, not a heart;
Nay, love and patience dwell of old a thousand leagues apart.
O brethren of the mystic path, leave blame and me alone!
Repentance in the way of Love is glass against a stone.
No more in secret need I drink, in secret dance and sing:
For us that love religiously, good name’s a shameful thing.
What right and justice should I see or what instruction hear?
Mine eye is to the Saki(1) turned, and to the lute mine ear.

Translations of Eastern Poetry and Prose

1 Wine server

Saadi in a Rose garden, from a Mughal manuscript of his work Gulistan, c. 1645 h/t Wikipedia

Saadi of Shiraz died in 1291/2

Thousands protest Gov’t in Egypt over Saudi Hegemony

By Juan Cole | (Informed Comment) | – –

Thousands of Egyptians came into the streets Friday in the first major demonstrations in 2 and a half years, to protest the bestowal of the islands of Tiran and Sanafir on Saudi Arabia. Many Egyptians believe that the islands belong to Egypt, and it is unconstitutional for President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to relinquish them to Saudi Arabia. Many believe that the Saudis paid a bribe for the islands to officers of the high state Establishment. I wrote about the controversy earlier this week in The Nation.

Youth protests in Egypt have died down not only because of the Draconian anti-protest law decreed by the military junta in fall of 2013, but also because the youth despaired of getting real political and economic change through protests after the officer corps’ counter-revolution. Many also, rightly or wrongly, fear the Muslim Brotherhood, which the army overthrew, as a secretive cult bent on turning Egypt into another Iran (ruled by clergy). They therefore don’t want to rock the boat so much that the Brotherhood returns to power.

Ahmad al-Bardini and al-Sayyid `Ala’ report in Shuruq that clashes broke out between state security peace and protesters in front of Mustafa Mahmoud Mosque, and that a massive crowd gathered in front of the building of the journalists’ syndicate.

The slogan of the demonstrators was that “Land is honor,” in protest against the agreement to draw a formal border between Egypt and Saudi Arabia, which leaves the two islands on the Saudi side of the border.

In the tony Mohandissin district, police deployed force to disperse hundreds of protesters who had gathered after Friday prayers. They had gathered in front of the mosque. They chanted slogans against what they called the cession of the islands. (The Saudi government maintains that they were always its but had been leasing them to Egypt).

After only a few minutes, the central security forces attacked the protesters. The protesters stampeded, hoping to get away and avoid arrest.

By Shuruq’s count, some 30 were arrested and sent to the court at Dokki. But late Friday most of those arrested were released.

About 150 men left Friday prayers in Giza to demonstrate without a permit. In Maidan Giza, outside Upright Mosque, clashes broke out between regime critics and supporters. They chanted “They sold the land to Saudi Arabia,” “Egypt isn’t for Sale,” “Tiran and Sanafir are Egyptian, and “Still the Revolution continues.”

State security police fanned out through Cairo.

Arrests were also made in other Egyptian cities. Altogether hundreds were arrested.

Late on Friday afternoon, before the state security police could be deployed effectively, demonstrators began dispersing, with plans to return on April 25.

We’ll see, whether these are one-off protests, or whether a cascade might be beginning against the military-backed government>

Related video:

CCTV: “Egypt police disperse protest against Saudi island deal”

The Bernie Sanders Miracle: American Crowd in Brooklyn Cheers Palestinian Dignity

By Juan Cole | (Informed Comment) | – –

The Democratic debate in Brooklyn last night took an unusual turn when a grumpy old Jewish American upbraided a slightly younger Illinois Methodist for not respecting the dignity of the Palestinian people.

BLITZER [Used to work for the American Israel Public Affairs Committee lobby] : . . . Senator, let’s talk about the U.S. relationship with Israel. Senator Sanders, you maintained that Israel’s response in Gaza in 2014 was, quote, “disproportionate and led to the unnecessary loss of innocent life.”


What do you say to those who believe that Israel has a right to defend itself as it sees fit?

SANDERS [former kubbutznik, i.e. left wing Zionist annoyed by the rise of the far right wing Likud Party]: Well, as somebody who spent many months of my life when I was a kid in Israel, who has family in Israel, of course Israel has a right not only to defend themselves, but to live in peace and security without fear of terrorist attack. That is not a debate.


But — but what you just read, yeah, I do believe that. Israel was subjected to terrorist attacks, has every right in the world to destroy terrorism. But we had in the Gaza area — not a very large area — some 10,000 civilians who were wounded and some 1,500 who were killed.

AUDIENCE MEMBER: Free Palestine!

SANDERS: Now, if you’re asking not just me, but countries all over the world was that a disproportionate attack, the answer is that I believe it was, and let me say something else.


SANDERS: And, let me say something else. As somebody who is 100% pro-Israel, in the long run — and this is not going to be easy, God only knows, but in the long run if we are ever going to bring peace to that region which has seen so much hatred and so much war, we are going to have to treat the Palestinian people with respect and dignity.


SANDERS: So what is not to say — to say that right now in Gaza, right now in Gaza unemployment is s somewhere around 40%. You got a log of that area continues, it hasn’t been built, decimated, houses decimated health care decimated, schools decimated. I believe the United States and the rest of the world have got to work together to help the Palestinian people.

That does not make me anti-Israel. That paves the way, I think…

BLITZER: … Thank you, Senator…

SANDERS: …to an approach that works in the Middle East.

The Israeli propaganda line is that the Palestinians are natural, intrinsic terrorists who are always attacking Israelis out of blind hatred for Jews and who casually deploy terrorism on a mass scale and refuse to recognize the inexorability and naturalness of several million European and North African and other Jews living in Palestine.

Perhaps Sen. Sanders would not agree with what I am going to say. But this narrative ignores that in 1800 there were virtually no Jews in Palestine. It ignores that the Jewish settlers in British Mandate Palestine derailed British plans for a Palestinian state by 1949 (as put forward in the 1939 White Paper), in accordance with all the other Class A Mandates established at and after the Versailles Peace Conference that ended World War I. That is, the French Mandate of Syria became Syria and Syrians have Syrian citizenship, the British Mandate of Iraq became Iraq and Iraqis have Iraqi citizenship. Even Class B Mandates became independent countries and their inhabitants became citizens– Tanganyika became Tanzania and Zanzibar, Ruanda-Urundi became Rwanda and Burundi. Why did not the Mandate of Palestine result in a state of Palestine in which the Palestinians were citizens?


It was because the Jewish settlers let in by British Mandate authorities over the objections of the native Palestinians (whose families had lived there since time immemorial) who conducted an ethnic cleansing campaign in 1947-1948 and expelled 720,000 Palestinians out of 1.2 million, then declared Israel and locked the refugees out. Many of those refugees were forced to crowd into refugee camps in the Gaza Strip, where they still huddle, penniless and displaced and besieged permanently by the Israelis.

The simple-minded Zionist talking point that the British split their Mandate into Palestine and Jordan, and that Jordan is Palestine, is historically laughable and does not answer the question of why the Palestinians don’t have a state of their own and why over 5 million of them are stateless, lacking the rights of citizenship in any state. French Syria was also split into Syria and Lebanon, and everybody got citizenship; this is also true of Ruanda-Urundi, which was split.

Part of what Sen. Sanders likely means by Palestinian dignity is that you can’t have dignity as a human being in the modern world if you don’t have the right of citizenship in a state. Palestinians are deprived of that dignity. There are likely only about 12 million stateless people in the world, and Palestinians are the largest single such group. Not only do Palestinians not have a state and not only are they therefore left without the basic human rights that come with citizenship, they labor under Israeli military occupation

Israel is actively depriving the Palestinians of the right to be citizens of a state. Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu actually ran on this platform in the last election in Israel, and won on it.

Sen. Hillary Clinton [whose campaign in part is being funded by billionaire cartoonist Haim Saban, a virulent opponent of Palestinian rights and investor in squatter settlements in the West Bank] responded that Israel withdrew from Gaza (which it occupied in 1967) in 2005, but then was subjected to thousands of rocket attacks, and had no choice but to attack Gaza.

She also alleged that Hamas uses human shields and that therefore Israelis have no choice but to kill women and children.

Neither of these allegations is true. Even if they were, you’re not allowed deliberately to kill women and children and innocent non-combatants in order to get at the enemy.

Israel did not actually withdraw from Gaza. It retains 1/3 of Gaza land as a buffer zone, and routinely shoots Palestinian farmers who own that land and try to farm it. It denies Gaza an airport and a seaport. It even routinely shoots Gaza fishermen. It controls the major checkpoint. It coerces Egypt (with a standing threat of violence) into policing the Rafah checkpoint on the Sinai. It keeps Gaza Palestinians in a large outdoor concentration camp. In a particularly evil and creepy move, the Israeli military even set a calorie limit for Palestinians, including Palestinian children, in Gaza (a limit it has been embarrassed into lifting). Gaza is still occupied, and the UN recognizes Israel as the occupying authority, which lays all the obligations of the Geneva Convention of 1949 on the Israeli state with regard to nurturing the welfare of the people living under its occupation.

Sen. Sanders’ statistics give a good indication of whether Israel is fulfilling its duties under the Geneva Conventions (Conventions that were intended to forestall any more Axis-like aggression and war crimes).

As for configuring the nearly two million people in Gaza, half of them children, as terrorists, usually this discourse is just a form of racism. And although small chemistry-experiment rockets fired from Gaza (often not by Hamas) occasionally do property damage or inflict human casualties, saying that there are “thousands” of them gives a propagandistic impression. All but a handful land uselessly in the desert. All life is precious, but in 2005-2008 in the lead-up to the 2008-09 Israeli assault on Gaza, rockets killed 11 Israelis; in the same period, Israel killed 1,250 Palestinians in Gaza, including 222 children.

Oh, and those towns on which the rockets sometimes manage to fall? They are the home towns of the Palestinians displaced to wretched huts in Gaza, to which they could walk home in an hour or a few hours if they were allowed to.

The biggest problem is actually the future of the Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank. Are you going to keep them under Occupation forever? Are you going to push them into the Mediterranean and give Europe millions more refugees?

It has been clear for some years that the far-right Likud government’s policies are unacceptable to most Americans, including to most Jewish Americans. Our political class and the AIPAC lobbyists have tried to obscure this truth just as they obscure climate change.

In response to Sen. Sanders’s comments, Jewish Voice for Peace issued this statement:

Rebecca Vilkomerson, Executive Director of Jewish Voice for Peace: “It was heartening to hear the beginning of a much needed conversation about Israel’s disproportionate use of force against Palestinians in Gaza during the Democratic debate tonight. Today showed that the movement for Palestinian rights is shifting the discourse at the highest political levels. However, there is still a long way to go before we see our political leaders take courageous steps not just to recognize the humanity of Palestinians but to take action to secure their rights.”

What Sen. Sanders is saying is that the status quo is not sustainable. Sen. Sanders is right.


Related video added by Juan Cole:

The Young Turks: “CNN New York Democratic Debate | The Biggest Loser Was…”

Michigan faculty Support Muslim Students on Campus in face of Trumpian Hate-Chalking

Dear Members of the U-M [University of Michigan] community

We stand with our friends/students/colleagues and with the Central Student Government (CSG), Senate Advisory Committee on University Affairs (SACUA), and Senate Assembly in condemning the recent anti- Muslim, anti-immigrant, and anti-activist chalkings on the Diag.

Whatever the political motivations of those engaged in such acts, their expressions of disrespect for members of our community can have nothing but a chilling effect on the social and intellectual life of this campus.

We want to underscore that Muslim students and colleagues are integral members of this campus community and make important contributions to the life of the institution. We thus endorse SACUA’s December resolution “to unequivocally oppose and condemn all attempts to discriminate against, marginalize, or denigrate students, faculty or staff on the basis of religious faith, national origin or ethnic belonging.”

And we call on all members of the community—students, faculty, staff, and administrators— to join in support of the right of everyone, as the CSG put it, “to be free from discrimination, persecution, and to be treated with dignity and respect by the University and the campus community.”

Finally, we want to emphasize the urgency of the situation. We call on the University administration to join with us to find more effective means of helping ensure that the objectives of establishing an inclusive and diverse campus are realized.

1. Evelyn Alsultany, American Culture/Arab and Muslim American Studies
2. John Carson, History
3. Juan Cole, History
4. Maria Cotera, American Culture Department, Women’s Studies Department
5. Matthew Countryman, History and American Culture
6. Hussein Fancy, History
7. Will Glover, History
8. Farina Mir, History
9. Kathryn Babayan, History & NES
10. Alice Goff, History / German
11. Murat C. Yildiz, History
12. Gina Soter, Classical Studies and Residential College
13. Anna Watkins Fisher, American Culture and Residential College
14. Ruth Tsoffar, Women’s Studies and Comparative Literature
15. Hal Morgenstern, Epidemiology
16. Rachel Neis, History and Judaic Studies
17. Jane Banaszak-Holl, Health Management and Policy
18. John Monnier, Astronomy
19. Amanda Armstrong, History
20. Joseph Lam, Musicology
21. Daniel Hirschman, Sociology
22. Richard Mann, Psychology
23. Ana María León, History of Art & Romance Languages and Literatures
24. Kathleen Canning, History
25. David Caron, Romance Languages and Literatures
26. Erdem Cipa, History & Near Eastern Studies
27. Elizabeth Anderson, Philosophy
28. Joshua Rabinowitz, Psychology
29. Brant E. Fries, HMP
30. Ronald Suny, History
31. Margaret A. Leary, Law School (retired)
32. Virginia Murphy, Residential College
33. Michael Elliott, Biostatistics
34. Monica Valluri, Astronomy
35. Fatma Muge Gocek, Sociology and Women’s Studies
36. Rebecca J. Scott, History & Law
37. Timothy Johnson MD, OBGYN
38. María Dolores Morillo , RLL
39. Sueann Caulfield, history and residential college
40. Fred Feinberg, Ross School of Business
41. Silvia Lindtner , School of information
42. victor lieberman, history
43. Helen Fox, Residential College
44. Dena Goodman, History & Women’s Studies
45. Antoine Traisnel, Comparative Literature and English
46. Laura Scott, Biostatistics
47. Elizabeth Goodenough, RC Arts and Ideas
48. Sara McClelland, Psychology & Women’s Studies
49. Silke Weineck, comparative literature
50. Luis F Sfeir-Younis, Sociology
51. Jonathan Brennan, Linguistics
52. Lawrence La Fountain-Stokes, American Culture, Romance Languages
53. Stephanie Moore, Combined Program in Education and Psychology
54. Maureen Sartor, DCM&B
55. Geoff Eley, History
56. Henry Greenspan, Residential College
57. Jaime Rodríguez-Matos, Romance Languages and Literatures
58. Regina Morantz-Sanchez, History
59. Javier Sanjinés, Romance Languages and Literatures
60. Thomas Willette, History of Art
61. William A. Calvo-Quiros, American Culture
62. Hitomi Tonomura, History
63. Ananda Sen , Biostatistics
64. Mayte Green-Mercado, Romance Languages and Literatures
65. Hakem Al-Rustom, History

66. Peter McIsaac, Germanic Languages and Literature
67. Dean Hubbs, Women’s Studies
68. Sonya Rose, Professor Emerita, History
69. Donka Markus, Classical Studies
70. Robert Axelrod, Political Science
71. David William Cohen, History and Anthropology Emeritus
72. Yago Colas, Comp Lit & RC
73. Amy Sara Carroll, American Culture, Latina/o Studies, and English
74. Ellen Muehlberger, Near Eastern Studies
75. Yeidy M. Rivero, Screen Arts and Cultures/American Culture
76. Angela Dillard, DAAS/RC/Dean’s Office
77. Joshua Cole, History
78. William Paulson, Romance Languages and Literatures
79. Patricia Gurin, Psychology
80. Minal Patel, Health Behavior and Health Education
81. Melanie S. Tanielian, History
82. Karla Mallette, RLL
83. Kali Israel, History
84. Ram Mahalingam, Psychology
85. Abby Stewart, Psychology and Women’s Studies
86. David H. Baum, Law School
87. Peggy McCracken, Romance Languages and Literatures, Women’s Studies, Comparative Literature
88. Katherine French, History
89. Anita Gonzalez, Theatre and Drama
90. Kalli Federhofer, German
91. Sara Forsdyke, Classical Studies
92. Shobita Parthasarathy, Ford School of Public Policy
93. Gregory E Dowd, History and American Culture
94. Enrique Garcia Santo-Tomas, Romance Languages and Literatures
95. Jerry Davis, Ross School of Business
96. Cathie Spino, Biostatistics
97. Kira Thurman, German
98. Anne Berg, History
99. Stephen Ward, Department of Afroamerican and African Studies and the Residential College
100. James Krier, Law
101. Charles Brght, Residential College & History
102. Timothy D. Johnson, Biostatistics
103. Deb Gordon-Gurfinkel, Residential College
104. Robert Jansen, Sociology
105. Alexandra Minna Stern, American Culture
106. Julie E Boland, Psychology
107. Ruby C. Tapia, English and Women’s Studies
108. Ian Moyer, History

109. Ian Roederer, Astronomy
110. Sandra Gunning, American Culture and Department of Afroamerican and African Studies
111. Amy Schulz, Health Behavior and Health Education
112. Thomas R. Trautmann, History
113. Nesha Haniff , DAAS
114. David Potter, Classical Studies
115. Gabrielle Hecht, History
116. Aruna Sarma, Urology
117. Magdalena Zaborowska, American Culture and Afroamerican Studies
118. Margaret Somers, Sociology and History
119. Anthony Mora, History
120. Scotti Parrish, English/PitE
121. Marie O’Neill, School of Public Health
122. Carol Persad, UCLL, Mary A. Rackham Institute
123. Sari van Anders, Psychology & Women’s Studies
124. J. Todd Arnedt, Ph.D., Psychiatry
125. Steve Gray, Law School
126. Naomi Andre, Residential College
127. Suellyn Scarnecchia, Law
128. Edwin Bergin, Astronomy
129. Dario Gaggio, History
130. Catherine Badgley, Ecology & Evolutionary Biology
131. Dean Yang, Economics
132. Alan Deardorff, Economics and Public Policy
133. Dominique Butler-Borruat, Residential College
134. Paul Courant, Economics and Public Public Policy
135. Brian Porter-Szucs, History
136. Tara J Yosso, Education
137. John R Griffith, Health Management & Policy
138. Gayle Rubin, Anthropology and Women’s Studies
139. Josh Wondra, Psychology
140. Jaeeun Kim, Sociology
141. Mark L. Wilson, Epidemiology
142. Sheela Kennedy, Health Management and Policy
143. Silvia Pedraza, Sociology and American Culture
144. Alexa Pearce, University Library
145. Arvind Mandair, Asian Languages and Cultures
146. Brian Min, Political Science
147. Mrinalini Sinha, History
148. Donald Lopez, Asian Languages and Cultures
149. Victoria Langland, History and RLL
150. Joseph Trumpey, Stamps School of Art & Design
151. Stephen Berrey, American Culture; History

152. Robin R. Means Coleman, Communication Studies/DAAS
153. Meg Sweeney, English and DAAS
154. Sung Kyun Park, Epidemiology
155. Joshua L. Miller, English
156. Deirdre de la Cruz, History
157. Cody Walker, English Language & Literature
158. Lucy Hartley, English
159. Jonathan Freedman, English, AC
160. Carl Simon, Public Policy
161. Manan Desai, American Culture
162. John Whittier-Ferguson, English
163. Douglas Trevor, English
164. Ritesh Mistry, Health Behavior and Health Education
165. Rita Chin, History
166. Andrea Zemgulys, English Language and Literature
167. Christi Merrill, Comparative Literature, Asian Languages and Cultures
168. Robin Queen, Linguistics
169. Jason Wright, American Culture
170. Deborah Watkins, Environmental Health Sciences
171. Allan Lumba, History
172. Brandi Hughes, American Culture and History
173. Alan Wald, English/American Culture
174. Ana Vinea, Near Eastern Studies
175. Samer Ali, Near Eastern Studies
176. Jonathan McLaughlin, History
177. Elizabeth Mathie, English Language and Literature
178. Edie Goldenberg, Political Science/Ford School
179. Rashid Bashshur, UMHS
180. Tom Fricke, Anthropology
181. Linda Chatters , Health Behavior and Health Education
182. Victor Mendoza, Women’s Studies and English
183. Peter Ho Davies, English
184. Gary Beckman, NES
185. Lydia Soo, Architecture
186. Matthew S. Hull, Anthropology, Center for South Asian Studies
187. Kyle McCormick, English Language and Literature
188. Varuni Bhatia, Asian Languages and Cultures
189. Pauline Jones Luong, Political Science
190. David C. Musch, Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, and Epidemiology
191. Lincoln Faller, English (Emeritus)
192. Aileen Das, Classical Studies
193. Michael Lempert, Anthropology
194. Casey Otemuyiwa, English and Education

195. Molly Dickinson, English Literature and Language
196. Omolade Adunbi, Department of Afroamerican and African Studies
197. Howard Tsai, Center for Latin American & Caribbean Studies
198. Elizabeth Wingrove, Political Science and Women’s Studies
199. Muzammil M. Hussain, Communication Studies
200. Allen Hicken, Political Science
201. Joy Rohde, Ford School/History
202. Geoff Emberling, Kelsey Museum
203. Lee Hartmann, Astronomy
204. Jay Crisostomo, Near Eastern Studies
205. Julie Ellison, American Culture and English
206. Kris Hernandez, American Culture
207. Craig Regester, Residential College/Semester in Detroit
208. Elizabeth Roberts, Anthropology
209. Evyn Kropf, University Library
210. Lisa Hermine Makman, English
211. Shazia Iftkhar, Communication Studies
212. Aric D. Knuth, English
213. Mohammad Alhawary, NES
214. Terrance S Andalow, Law School
215. Janet Richards, Near Eastern Studies
216. Matthew Jaber Stiffler, American Culture
217. Aaron J. Stone, English Language & Literature
218. Maria I Rodriguez, Residential College
219. Pamela Wolpert, English
220. Yeshua Tolle, English
221. George Steinmetz, Sociology and German
222. Carol Jacobsen, Stamps School of Art & Design, Women’s Studies
223. Jaclyn Goodrich, Environmental Health Sciences
224. Melanie Yergeau, English
225. Arthur Verhoogt, Classical Studies
226. Claire Vaye Watkins, English
227. Andrew Shryock, Anthropology
228. Mary Heitzeg, Psychiatry
229. Julia Hell, German Studies
230. Annika Cunningham, English
231. Mireille Roddier, Taubman College of Architecture & Urban Planning
232. Marita Inglehart, Periodontics and Oral Medicine
233. G Keith Taylor, English
234. Mark Tessler,
235. Carmel O’Shannessy, Linguistics
236. Pamela Ballinger, History
237. Phil Witte, English

238. Anna Kirkland, Women’s Studies and Political Science
239. Sheryl Olson, Psychology
240. Michèle Hannoosh, Romance Languages & Literatures
241. Christiane Gruber, History of Art
242. Megan Holmes, History of Art
243. Dan Frazier, English Language and Literature
244. Celeste Brusati, History of Art
245. Jennifer Nelson, History of Art
246. Christina LaRose, English and Women’s Studies
247. Thomas Weisskopf, Economics/Residential College
248. Rebecca Wollenberg, Judaic Studies
249. Stuart Kirsch, Anthropology
250. Simeneh Betreyohannes Gebremariam, Anthropology
251. Andrew Bernard, Anthropology
252. Devi Mays, Judaic Studies
253. John D Speth, Anthropology
254. Amrita Dhar, English
255. Erik Mueggler, Anthropology
256. Richard Hoffman Reinhardt, Anthro-History
257. Jennifer Robertson, Anthropology & History of Art
258. Jim Carter, Romance Languages & Literatures
259. Eric Bell, Astronomy
260. Gabriele Boccaccini, PhD, Near Eastern Studies
261. Jane Lynch, Anthropology
262. Chun-shu Chang, History
263. Elizabeth Dickey, English
264. Aswin Punathambekar, Communication Studies
265. Leela Fernandes, Women’s Studies
266. Matthew Biro, History of Art
267. Regev Nathansohn, Anthropology
268. Alaina Lemon, Anthopology
269. David Frye, Anthropology
270. David G. Winter, Psychology
271. Meilu HO, Musicology
272. Nathan Sheldon, Earth and Environmental Sciences
273. Jesse Carr, American Culture
274. Gina Brandolino, Sweetland Center for Writing / English
275. Matan Kaminer, Anthropology
276. Gillian Feeley-Harnik, Anthropology
277. Duygu Ula, Comparative Literature
278. Juan Carlos de los Santos, RLL
279. Kristen Harrison, Communication Studies
280. Andrew Herscher, Architecture

281. Joan Kee, History of Art
282. Ernest P. Young, History
283. Cameron Cross, NES
284. MicKenzie Fasteland, English Language and Literature
285. Barbara Alvarez, University Library
286. Amy Westmoreland, Psychology
287. Judy Smith, Taubman Health Sciences Library
288. Mark MacEachern, Taubman Library
289. Melissa Gomis, University Library
290. Alexandra Stark, Learning Programs and Initiatives
291. Sigrid Anderson Cordell, University Library
292. Garrett Felber, American Culture
293. Heidi Burkhardt, University Library
294. Ali Shapiro, EDWP
295. Marieka Kaye, University Library Preservation & Conservation
296. Benjamin Keating, English
297. Alexey Morozov, Aerospace (2013)
298. Emily Toth Martin, Epidemiology
299. Ellen Mueller , University Library
300. Simone Sessolo, Sweetland
301. Brian Matzke, English
302. Angela Berkley, English/Sweetland
303. Pablo Alvarez, Special Collections Library
304. Larissa Sano, Sweetland Center for Writing
305. Naomi Silver, Sweetland Center for Writing
306. Christine Modey, Sweetland Center for Writing
307. Joseph Vining, Law
308. Mari Suzuki, Asia Library, University Library
309. Marlyse Baptista, Linguistics and DAAS
310. Jungwon Yang, University Library-Research
311. Katrina Hagedorn, University Library
312. Karen E. Downing, University Library
313. Ashley Miller, History of Art
314. Arnold Ho, Organizational Studies/Psychology
315. David Schoem, Michigan Community Scholars Program; Sociology
316. Loyd Mbabu, University Library
317. Gareth Williams, Romance Languages & Literatures
318. Alex Potts, History of Art
319. Michael Bonner, Near Eastern Studies
320. Justin Joque, University Libraries
321. Julie Babcock, Sweetland/English
322. Tatjana Aleksic, Slavic/Comparative Lit.
323. Anne R. Gere, Sweetland/English/Education

324. Grace Hobbs, Comparative Literature
325. Judith Gray, American Culture
326. Scott Beal, Sweetland Center for Writing
327. Jason De Leon, Anthropology
328. Paul Barron, Lloyd Hall Scholars Program and Sweetland
329. Julie Herrada, University Library
330. Richard Janko, Classical Studies
331. T Hetzel, Sweetland Center for Writing
332. Derek Palacio, English
333. Lori Tschirhart, University Library
334. Janet Crayne, University Library, International Studies
335. Juli McLoone, Special Collections Library
336. Harry Kashdan, Comparative Literature
337. Barbara Beaton, University Library
338. Behrad Aghaei, Near Eastern Studies
339. Raymond McDaniel, Sweetland Center for Writing
340. Ken Varnum, University Library
341. Carol Tell, Sweetland Center for Writing
342. Adam Sneed, English
343. Erin L. Brightwell, Asian Languages & Cultures
344. Yopie Prins, Comparative Literature
345. Sonia Rupcic, Anthropology
346. Justin Schell, University Library – Shapiro Design Lab
347. Shelley Manis, Sweetland Center for Writing
348. Catherine Brown, Comparative Literature/Residential College
349. Charlotte Karem Albrecht, American Culture, Women’s Studies, Arab and Muslim American Studies
350. Aliyah Khan, DAAS & English
351. Shevon Desai, University Library
352. Kenneth Warner, Health Management and Policy
353. Kodi Scheer, Sweetland Center for Writing
354. Phyllis Meadows, Health Management and Policy
355. Reginald Jackson, Asian Languages and Cultures
356. Helen Look, University Library
357. Simone Singh, Health Management and Policy
358. Tish O’Dowd, English
359. Lisa Prosser, Pediatrics
360. Jonathan Rothman, University Library
361. Malcolm Tariq, English Language and Literature
362. Martin Powers, History of Art
363. Will Stroebel, Comparative Literature
364. Emily Rauscher, Astronomy
365. Jeffrey Veidlinger, Judaic Studies/ History
366. Ramona Uritescu-Lombard, Germanic Lang & Lit

367. Adela Pinch, English
368. Cintia Huitzil, SSW/Anthro PhD
369. Dawn Kaczmar, English Language and Literature
370. Susan Najita, English, American Culture, Asian/Pacific Islander American Studies
371. Amanda Peters, University Library
372. Eugene Burnstein, Institute for Social Research
373. Lorraine Nadelman, Psychology
374. Nejat Seyhun, Ross School of Business
375. Meredith Kahn, University Library
376. PF Anderson, University Libraries
377. Louis Cicciarelli, Sweetland Center for Writing
378. Sally Oey, Astronomy
379. Anne Curzan, English
380. Ash Brown, University Library
381. Madhumita Lahiri, English
382. Johannes von Moltke, German / SAC
383. Sioban Harlow, Epidemiology
384. anna ercoli schnitzer, Taubman Health Sciences Library
385. Mary Kelley, History
386. Mason Jabbari, English
387. SE Kile, Asian Languages and Cultures
388. Adrienne Dessel, Program on Intergroup Relations
389. Deborah Dash Moore, History and Judaic Studies
390. Osman Khan, Stamps School of Art & Design
391. holly hughes, Stamps School of Art and Design
392. Heidi Kumao, Stamps School of Art & Design
393. Gunalan Nadarajan , Stamps School of Art and Design
394. Phoebe Gloeckner, Stamps School of Art and Design
395. Mohammad Fatouraie, Alumni
396. bruce tharp, stamps school of art and design
397. Naomi Wilson, Educational Studies
398. Alexandra Paige Fischer, SNRE
399. Jacqueline Mattis, Psychology
400. Robert Platt, Stamps Schoof of Art & design
401. Elizabeth Campbell, Law
402. Robert Adams, Architecture
403. Andrea Cardinal, Stamps School of Art + Design
404. Ian Robinson, Sociology & Residential College
405. Kate Tremel, Stamps School of Art and Design
406. Pamela Smock, Sociology
407. Clement Hawes, History and English
408. Kendall Babl, Stamps School of Art & Design
409. Tony Gillum, English L&L

410. Michael Rodemer, Stamps School of Art & Design
411. Yasmin Moll, Anthropology/MSF
412. Allison Alexy, Asian Language and Cultures
413. Terence McGinn, Sociology
414. Rebekah Modrak, Stamps School of Art & Design
415. Susan Hoge, Stamps School of Art & Design
416. Emilia White, Stamps School of Art & Design
417. Matt Kenyon , Stamps school of art and design
418. Michael J Wiley, SNRE
419. Bruce Mannheim, Anthropology
420. Brad Smith, Stamps School of Art & Design
421. Paula Lantz, Ford School of Public Policy
422. Susan Waltz, Ford School of Public Policy
423. Nick Tobier, Stamps
424. Andy Kirshner, SMTD/Stamps
425. Howard Brick, History
426. Susan Ackermann, Stamps School of Art and Design
427. Kendall Walton, Philosophy
428. ruth burke, stamps school of art and design
429. Faith Sparr, Communication Studies
430. Amanda Alexander, DAAS / Law
431. Jon Verney, Stamps School of Art & Design
432. Kathleen Dow, University Library
433. joanne leonard, stamps school of art and design
434. Alisse Portnoy, English Language and Literature
435. John Vandermeer, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
436. Jim Cogswell, Stamps School of Art & Design
437. Elona Van Gent, Stamps School of Art & Design
438. Merle Rosenzweig, University Library
439. Dominic Garzonio, American Culture
440. Paul N. Edwards , School of Information and History Dept.
441. Michael Moore, SNRE
442. Robert Grese, SNRE
443. David A. Wallace, School of Information
444. Daniel Romero, School of Information
445. Theresa Tinkle, English Language and Literature
446. Romy Hill-Cronin, Stamps Art & Design
447. Christian Sandvig, Communication Studies
448. Juliana Lew, Stamps School of Art & Design
449. Darlene P Nichols, University Library
450. Yan Chen, School of Information
451. Paul Resnick, School of Informatoin
452. Fernando Arenas, DAAS/RLL

453. Leslie Rogers, Stamps School of Art & Design
454. Jeffrey Martin, University Library-Hatcher Graduate Library
455. Susan Crowell, RC / Stamps
456. Valentina Montero-Roman, English Language and Literature
457. Peggy Lee, American Culture
458. Sarah Loebman, Astronomy
459. Nancy Benovich Gilby, School of Information
460. Aisha Wahab, Library, Conservation Department
461. Eric Swanson, Philosophy and Linguistics
462. Andrés Pletch, History
463. Elizabeth Armstrong, Sociology and Organizational Studies
464. Steven Ratner, Law School
465. Elizabeth Wierba, Psychology
466. Cathy VanVoorhis, Stamps School of Art and Design
467. Howard White, Stamps School of Art & Design
468. Scott L. Greer, Health Management and Policy
469. Valerie Traub, English & Women’s Studies
470. Richard Meisler, American Culture
471. Roland Graf, Stamps School
472. Sherle Abramson-Bluhm, University Library
473. Casey Pierce, School of Information
474. Joyojeet Kunal Pal, School of Information
475. Emily Schiffer, Stamps School of Art & Design
476. Darshan Karwat, Mechanical Engineering
477. Christi-Anne Castro, School of Music, Theater, and Dance
478. Mishona Collier, School of Music, Theater, and Dance
479. Kristen Clough, Musicology
480. Mark Clague, School of Music, Theater, and Dance
481. Sarah Suhadolnik, Musicology
482. E.J. Westlake, Theatre & Drama
483. Louise Stein, School of Music, Theater, and Dance
484. Max Heiridh, Sociology (Emeritus)
485. Megan Hill, Musicology
486. Steven M. Whiting, School of Music, Theater, and Dance
487. June Howard, English and American Culture
488. Paul Christopher Johnson, History, DAAS, Anthro-History
489. Lester Monts, Musicology – SMTD
490. Martin Pernick, History
491. James McNally, Musicology
492. Arun Agrawal, School of Natural Resources and Environment
493. Rosario Ceballo, Women’s Studies & Psychology
494. Joe Eisenberg, Epidemiology
495. Stefano Mengozzi, School of Music, Theatre, and Dance

496. Peter D. Jacobson, HMP
497. Claire Zimmerman, History of Art/ Architecture
498. Claudia Wigger, Architecture
499. Mark Meier, Architecture
500. Adrian Deva, Stamps School of Art & Design
501. Christian Unverzagt, Architecture
502. Jen Maigret, Architecture
503. Cyrus Penarroyo, Architecture
504. Ruth R Caston, Classical Studies
505. Sarita Schoenebeck, School of Information
506. Sharon Haar, Archtecture
507. Dawn Gilpin, Architecture
508. Tara Beebani, Near Eastern Studies
509. Peter von Buelow, Architecture
510. Kasey Vliet, Architecture
511. Tszyan Ng, Architecture
512. Yojairo Lomeli, Architecture
513. Peter Halquist, Architecture
514. Craig Borum, Architecture
515. Jessica Frelinghuysen, Stamps School of Art and Design
516. David Eskenazi, Architecture
517. Ellie Abrons, Architecture
518. Emily Goedde, Comparative Literature
519. Hilary Levinson, Comparative Literature
520. theresa rohlck, english language institute
521. Melinda Matice, English Language Institute
522. Pamela Bogart, English Language Institute
523. Judy Dyer, English Language Institute
524. Lawrence Root, School of Social Work
525. Sandra Danziger, School of Social Work and Ford School of Public Policy
526. Charles Garvin, School of Social Work
527. Mathieu Despard, School of Social Work
528. Daniel G. Saunders, School of Social Work
529. Shari Robinson-Lynk, School of Social Work
530. Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, School of Social Work
531. Rabindar Subbian , School of Social Work
532. Relando Thompkins-Jones, School of Social Work
533. Diane Kaplan Vinokur, School of Social Work
534. Jono Bentley Sturt, Architecture


Related video added by Juan Cole:

WXYZ-TV Detroit | Channel 7: “More anti-Islam messages at U of M”