Understanding how performance-enhancing drugs raise the odds of success in sports helps us understand how dumping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere raises the chances of heat waves:
It is the same form of reasoning in both cases.
This analogy also helps us understand how the lies of Big Oil-backed outfits like the Heartland Institute about climate change are very similar to Armstrong’s pattern of lies. In both instances, tactics used include smearing critics and threatening whistle-blowers. Likewise, Big Oil has its minions lie about the performance of the climate and smears climate scientists.
(Video by Kirk Westphal, Westphal Associates LLC. Sponsored by Graham Sustainability Institute, University of Michigan. )