US history of coup-making Overshadows Obama’s outreach to Iran, Latin American Left

By Juan Cole | (Informed Comment) –

President Obama met with Cuban President Raoul Castro for an hour on Saturday, and the two made progress on plans to restore diplomatic relations. Before the meeting, Obama said,

“I think that after 50 years of policy that had not changed on the part of the United States, it was my belief that it was time to try something new, that it was important for us to engage more directly with the Cuban government and the Cuban people. And as a consequence, I think we are now in a position to move on a path towards the future, and leave behind some of the circumstances of the past that have made it so difficult, I think, for our countries to communicate.

Already we’ve seen majorities of the American people and the Cuban people respond positively to this change. And I truly believe that as more exchanges take place, more commerce and interactions resume between the United States and Cuba, that the deep connections between the Cuban people and the American people will reflect itself in a more positive and constructive relationship between our governments.”

He went on to promise his neighbors that the days in which the US felt it could meddle with impunity in their affairs were over.

It is the first time that Cuba attended the 21-year-old Summit of the Americas, which was meeting for the seventh time. Castro gave a long speech that covered decades of grievances against the United States, but then was contrite and apologized, saying that he was speaking of actions of previous presidents, but that Obama is different and is “an honest man.”

US reporting on Castro’s speech tended to dismiss it as an instance of a Latin leader getting carried away with himself. But the US did in fact try to assassinate Fidel Castro and backed an invasion of the country aimed at overthrowing the government. It is often forgotten that these actions were taken not because Cuba committed an act of war against the USA but because Washington disliked the system of government that Havana adopted.

Obama said after the meeting,

““My message here is that the Cold War is over… I think we have to be very clear. Cuba is not a threat to the United States. . . We are not in the business of regime change. We are in the business of making sure that the Cuban people have freedom and the ability to participate and shape their own destiny and their own lives, and supporting civil society.”

Obama had to promise not to engage in any further attempts at a coup in Cuba because the USA has been in the coup business for a very long time, as part of the way it has run its empire. Some observers count 51 US military or covert interventions in Latin America since 1890. Quite apart from the Cold War covert ops, the US intervened militarily in Cuba no less than four times in the late 19th and first third of the twentieth century.

Then, Obama also had a sidebar meeting with President Nicolas Maduro of Venezuela, in which he apparently tried to calm him down by promising that Washington was not trying to get up a coup against him or overthrow his government, and did not see him as a threat.

Maduro suspects the US conspired with right wing forces in an attempted coup against his predecessor, Hugo Chavez, in 2002. And he fears that when Obama on March 9 of this year designated Caracas a threat to American security and imposed sanctions against seven Venezuelan officials, it was a prelude to another such covert op. Hence Obama’s attempt to mollify him– though Obama insisted on maintaining the sanctions, since he said those were against human rights violators. His March 9 executive order has been criticized by most other Latin American countries, including Brazil, which is often critical of Venezuela and has tended diplomatically to be closer to the US than the left-leaning ALBA nations.

In short, Obama’s diplomacy at the Summit of the Americas in part consisted of going around promising not to overthrow his fellow leaders, which would be faintly ridiculous if Washington hadn’t in fact intervened so much in neighbors’ affairs.

The Obama moment in Latin America most resembles president Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s “Good Neighbor Policy” during the Great Depression and WW II, when FDR similarly ceased trying to impose the US will on countries it its south. (Unfortunately in the Cold War period, the interventions were revived).

It is worth pointing out that one of the reasons Obama has difficulty in his negotiations with Iran is that its leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, distrusts Washington because of its long history of intervention in Iran. The US along with its WWII allies invaded and occupied Iran in the 1940s; the allies overthrew the ruler, Reza Shah Pahlevi in 1941. The in 1953 the CIA conducted a coup against popular Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh because he led the nationalization of Iranian oil. After the 1979 Islamic Revolution of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the US allied with Saddam Hussein of Iraq, who had invaded Iran in a wanton act of naked aggression in 1980. When Saddam used chemical weapons against Iranian troops, the US ran interference for Baghdad at the UN Security Council, ensuring that Baathist Iraq was not sanctioned for its war crimes against Iran.

So maybe Obama needs a sidebar with Khamenei to reassure him that Washington is not trying to overthrow him, either.

Related video added by Juan Cole:

Euronews: “US and Cuba make history as Obama and Castro shake hands”

16 Responses

  1. What about Guantanamo Bat Naval Base, which is for all practical purposes a US occupation of Cuban soil?

    • Guantanamo Bay is subject to a lease pursuant to which the Cuban government receives annual rent checks for a nominal amount from the United States.

      While Cuba has protested the U.S. occupation of the base, it has done little to seek enforcement of its claims of invalidity of the lease. It has not cashed the tendered rent checks from the U.S. government in decades.

      • It was a “lease” imposed on Cuba during the US occupation in the Spanish-American war. For all practical purposes it’s an occupation even if USA tries to hand over a symbolic amount to keep the charade of a “lease” up. That Cuba has limited means of getting rid of the US forces doesn’t change this.

        • Agreed.

          The Castro regime could have attempted armed force against the U.S. base in the previous decades to enforce its claims, however they wisely thought better of this.

  2. These are reasons to suppose that the US will indeed continue to seek regime change in Cuba and elsewhere. Obama’s words are not inconsistent with expanded subversion, bribery, surveillance, and control of media and elections. Nor was his 2008 slogan “change” inconsistent with outright betrayal of his constituents on all or nearly all fronts. Even if the USG did nothing wrong directly, Cuban government would soon be controlled by the same gang of the rich that controls the USG via mass media and election funding.

  3. Thanks. This morning I heard the BBC discuss candidly the history of U.S. relations with Cuba, but as you say, the U.S. media portray a different picture.

    • Does it matter whether Obama personally did any coup,
      one should ask whether he is against those heinous crimes committed by former president. Obama has served the empire far better by harming people both in the US and abroad. As Iranians might say, the Republicans cut people’s head by the sharp edge of a knife and the Democrats with the dull side, Obama did and does with both sides.

  4. Christian Markle

    Unfortunately, most Americans can only remember our involvement in Iran Iraq as far back as when our embassy was overrun and hostages were taken. They think this event occurred in a vacuum. They don’t realize that we overthrew their democratically elected president on behalf of British and American oil companies who didn’t want to see the oil nationalized and we installed our lackey the Shah and then trained his murderous intelligence agency, SAVAK, who tortured and disappeared their fellow citizens.

  5. Janet Norris

    Iran, I think you mean – yes, probably our under educated younger people may not know those facts, but the coups I’m referring to are relevant to the conversation here regarding our southern neighbors, not the middle east.

  6. Christian Markle

    In regard to the U. S. siding with Iraq during their war with Iran, the Reagan/Bush administration quietly took Iraq off of the list of terrorist countries so that they could sell them a fortune in dial-up technology that could be used for both civilian and military uses. The U.S. sold Saddam the precursors for biological and chemical weapons. Bell sold him the helicopters that he used to gas the Kurds. George H. W. Bush transferred satellite pictures of Iranian troop movements to Iraq using Mubarak as an intermediary. See, “Spider’s Web: The Secret History of How the White House Illegally Armed Iraq” by Alan Friedman or “Arming Iraq” online by Christian Dewar at

  7. There is no question that America backed coups and had a hand in many gov. Takeovers…just as Russia ,England modern Iran ..that’s the nature of nations looking to increase their notions of their intrests…likely to everybody’s expense including the powers that caused the problems in the first place

  8. There has been at least one coup in Latin America that Obama could have acted against and did not: Honduras. Read the NY times in 2012 on this. link to

    Also some recent releases by wikileaks confirm that all the excuses for not following US law with regard to cutting off aid after this coup were not only nonsense, but know by the State Department at the time to be nonsense link to

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