Another Saudi War Crime in Yemen as 43 Prisoners dead in Airstrike

By Juan Cole | (Informed Comment) | – –

Saudi airstrikes targeting a judiciary building in al-Hudayda, a port on the western coast of Yemen under Houthi control, have killed some 43 people and wounded dozens of others, most of them prisoners.

The strike on the judiciary building, which had a prison attached, could have been predicted to kill civilians. It is therefore a war crime in international law. It isn’t that hard, Riyadh. If you think taking the shot will possibly kill non-combatants, especially a lot of non-combatants, you can’t take it.

Prisoners are especially vulnerable since they are restrained.

Whoever ordered that airstrike should be hauled before the International Criminal Court in the Hague.

ymen
h/t wikipedia

In the past, the US military has warned the Saudis against hitting civilian infrastructure (including the port of al-Hudayda and a key bridge at that city) and Riyadh has blown Washington off and hit them anyway. Which makes me want to ask why the US hasn’t completely dissociated itself from this bloodbath.

In mid-September, jets of the Saudis and their allies killed 25 people in their private residences when they struck the residential al-Hunoud district (they were trying to hit a governmental building in the hands of the Houthis).

On October 8, the Saudis struck a civilian funeral from the air. The US said it was reviewing its involvement then, but nothing changed.

The Houthis have also committed war crimes, sending rockets on civilian neighborhoods in Najran, e.g., but in the nature of the case a small guerrilla group can’t wreak the kind of havoc that an America-equipped state of the art air force can.

The Saudi war on the Houthis of north Yemen has been going on for 18 months and for the past 14 months the Saudis and their allies have had exactly zero success. This is because you can’t win a guerrilla war from the air, and there aren’t enough Yemeni troops willing to fight for deposed president Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi to take even major Sunni cities from the Zaydi Houthis.

The Houthis bear a lot of the blame for the conflict, since they interrupted Yemen’s constitutional process and made a coup, hand in glove with deposed president Ali Abdallah Saleh, in January of 2015. They then tried to take over the whole country, which wasn’t plausible.

The Houthis are a religious extremist movement hailing from the Shiite Zaydi branch of Islam. Part of what started their rebellion was Saudi proselytizing in Yemen for the anti-Shiite Wahhabi branch of Islam.

About a third of the 22 million Yemenis are Zaydis, mainly in the northwest of the country. It was never very likely these 7 million could rule the 15 million Sunnis, or Sunni cities like Aden, and they were fairly swiftly kicked back out of it by the Arab coalition, in summer of 2015. (In fact, most of the 7 million Zaydis aren’t pro-Houthi, so their ambition is even more overweening than this demographic suggests).

The Houthis are braggarts who say they will overthrow the Saudi government. They have imprisoned many human rights workers. The Saudis accuse them of being Iranian puppets but that frankly is silly. They are an indigenous Yemeni movement and they got most of their weapons by raiding Yemeni army depots for American arms. Iran has probably given them a little help, but configuring what is going on as Saudi v. Iran in Yemen is ridiculous.

Apparently the population in Sanaa, the capital, has swung behind the Houthis on nationalist grounds, and they’ve held big demonstrations against Saudi Arabia (Saudi bombed the demonstration).

The Saudi-led war on Yemen has produced enormous hunger and displacement, which is likely only to get worse.

The reason the Saudis keep committing these war crimes is that their tactics are unsuited to the struggle the want to wage. And if they go on like this, they will come to regret it.

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Related video added by Juan Cole:

DW from last week: “Yemen: Houthi and Saudis volley accusations | DW News ”

11 Responses

  1. “In the past, the US military has warned the Saudis against hitting civilian infrastructure.”

    Good one.

  2. Curious why there’s so little discussion at the UN of these repeated human rights violations. Or maybe I am unaware of those sessions.

  3. Unfortunately, the days of anyone caring about human rights are about to go the way of the dodo. By implementing the Guantanamo Detention center and torturing detainees at “black sites:, Dick Cheney and his sock puppet George W Bush poisoned the entire concept as something the US hauls out solely for propaganda purposes – but doesn’t believe in itself. The Republican obstructionism in Congress, culminating in the rise of Trump, hastened the downfall of democracy as something the people of the world view as a practical governmental structure. We’re now seeing the rise of one-party rule with a side of jingoism (charismatic strong man leader optional) as the new archetypal national government. We’re in for decades of very dark times, as people fight for ever-scarcer resources.

  4. The strike on the judiciary building, which had a prison attached, could have been predicted to kill civilians. It is therefore a war crime in international law.

    But when you’re an autocrat controlling one of the largest quantities of oil you are above the law.

  5. The person who ordered the airstrike is unlikely to be hauled before the International Criminal Court because that person is not an African.

  6. Damnit!
    Again, there was NO constitutional vote, there was only ONE candidate, Hadi, Salah’s former vice president!

  7. If one is going to call for the ICC to try the Saudi government for war crimes in Yemen, then one should also state that US, Europe, and the rest of the world should place an arms embargo on Saudi Arabia.

    Also, it is a bit convenient and negligent to solely focus on Saudi actions and not acknowledge that through alliance US and UK are also responsible for the war crimes that have taken place in Yemen. The ICC will never indict the Saudi royal family for their actions in Yemen, but our government could sever its military support of Saudi actions in Yemen.

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