Lit. “That which is suspended.” A division or district. A term applied in India to a district including a number of village, for which a fixed amount of revenue is paid, and the possession of which is hereditary as long as the revenue is paid. These ta’alluqs, or, as they are commonly called taluk, are of two kinds: (1) Huzuri (from حضور “the State”), of which the revenue is paid direct to Government; and (2) Mazkuri (from مذكور, “specified”), of which the revenue is paid through a chief, who thus farms the revenue. The term was introduced to India by the Muslim conquerors.
Based on Hughes, Dictionary of Islam