Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (Tunisia), Ali Abdullah Saleh (Yemen), Muammar Qadhafi (Libya), Hosni Mubarak (Egypt); from: VOA report on Afro-Arab summit, October 10, 2010, Sirte, Libya.
Juan Cole is the founder and chief editor of Informed Comment. He is Richard P. Mitchell Professor of History at the University of Michigan He is author of, among many other books, Muhammad: Prophet of Peace amid the Clash of Empires and The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam. Follow him on Twitter at @jricole or the Informed Comment Facebook Page
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