Mubitiyah, Murjfah

Posted on 06/28/2012 by __socrates

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Lit. “The Procrastinators.” A sect, of Muslims who teach that the judgment of every true believer, who hath been guilty of a grievous sin, will be deferred till the Resurrection; for which reason they pass no sentence on him in this world, either of absolution or condemnation. They also hold that disobedience with faith hurteth not, and that, on the other hand, obedience with infidelity profiteth not. As to the reason of their name the learned differ, because of the different significations of its root, each of which they accommodate to some opinion of the sects. Some think them so called because they postpone works to intention, that is, esteem works to be Inferior in degree to intention, and profession of the faith; others, because they allow hope, by asserting that disobedience with faith hurteth not, &c.; others take the reason of the name to be, their deferring the sentence of the heinouns sinner till the Resurrection; and other,, their degrading of ‘Ali, or removing him from the first degree to the fourths for the Murjivahs in some points relating to the office of Imam, agree with the Kharijiyahs. This sect is divided into four classes, three of which, according as they happen to agree in particular dogmas with the Kharijiyahs, the Qadiriyahs, or the Jabariyalis, are distinguished as Murjiyahs of those sects, and the fourth is that of the pure Murjiyahs, which last class is again subdivided into five others. The opinions of Mukatil and Bashar, both of a sect of the Murjiyahs called Saubanians, should not be omitted. The former asserted that disobedience hurts not him who professes the unity of God, and is endued with faith: and that no true believer shall be cast into hell; he also thought hat God will surely forgive all crimes except infidelity; and that a disobedient believer will he punished at the Day of Resurrection, on the bridge Sirat, laid over the midst of hell, where the flames of hell-fire shall catch hold on him, and torment him in proportion to his disobedience, and that be shall then be admitted into Paradise.
The latter held, that if God do cast the believers guilty of grievous sins into hell, yet they will be delivered thence after they shall have been sufficiently punished; but that it is neither possible nor consistent with justice that they should remain therein for ever.

Based on Hughes, Dictionary of Islam

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