Posted on 06/30/2012 by __socrates

pI. sadaqat. From sadq, “to be righteous, truthful”; Hebrew tsedek. A term used In the Qur’an for “almsgiving,” . e.g. Surah ii. 265: “Kind speech and pardon are better than almsgiving (sadaqah) followed by annoyance, for God is rich and clement.”
Sadqatu ‘l-Fitr is the alms given on the lesser Festival, called the ‘Idu ‘l-Fitr, which consists of half a sa’ of wheat, flour, or fruits, or one sa’ of barley. This shouId be distributed to the poor before the prayers of the festival are said. (Hidiyah, vol. i. p. 62.) [‘IDU ‘L-FITR.]

Based on Hughes, Dictionary of Islam