Posted on 07/06/2012 by __socrates

SURAH. سورة
Lit. “A row or series.” A term used exclusively for the chapters of the Qur’an, of which there are one hundred and fourteen in number These chapters are called after some word which occurs in the text, e.g. Suratu ‘l-Hadid, the “Chapter of Iron.” The ancient Jews divided the whole law of Moses into fifty-four siderim, or “sections,” which were named after the same manner as the Surahs of the Qur’an. [QUR’AN.]

Based on Hughes, Dictionary of Islam