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Total number of comments: 165 (since 2013-11-28 14:42:47)

F Jahanpour

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  • Pictures Don't Lie: Refuting #there_was_no_Palestine
    • Farhang Jahanpour 04/17/2014 at 4:18 pm

      Although some ignorant or opportunistic politicians and some revisionist historians have tried to falsify historical records, historically there is no doubt about the continuous existence of Palestine and the Palestinians. The term Palestine (old form Peleset in Hieroglyphic texts) appears in Egyptian texts, dating back to c 1150 BC, even predating the Kingdom of Israel, which was established in 1020 BC. In the 5th century BC Herodotus wrote of Palaistine, which included the Judean mountains and the Jordan Rift Valley, as forming part of the 5th Persian satrapy. The Hebrew name of Palestine, translated as Philistia in English, is used more than 250 times in the Bible. There are numerous references to Palestine during the Byzantine period.

      Muslims conquered Palestine in 636 AD, and with the exception of a relatively short interval of the reign of the Crusaders (1099-1187) it was ruled by various Muslim dynasties until after the First World War.

      The Ottoman Turks ruled Palestine from 1516-1917. At times, they divided Palestine into different Eyalet or Sanjak, sometimes becoming part of the Eyalet of Damascus until 1660 and later it became part of the Eyalet of Sidon, but the term Palestine was still very much in use as a collective term for its different component parts. Thomas Salmon’s 18th century book, Modern History, states: “Jerusalem is still reckoned the capital city of Palestine.” (Thomas Salmon, Modern History or, the present state of all nations, London, Longman, p. 461)

      So only those who deliberately wish to distort historical facts can doubt the continuous existence of Palestine and Palestinian people.

  • Christian Sharia Law: Iowa Governor’s Proclamation Destroys Separation Of Church And State
    • Farhang Jahanpour 04/15/2014 at 6:30 am

      Religion’s appeal to millions of people throughout the ages has been due to the fact that it speaks of “transcendental, sublime, heavenly, spiritual and higher” issues to which instinctively most people aspire. However, as A. N. Wilson, the novelist and theologian turned agnostic, has pointed out: “Religion is the tragedy of mankind. It appeals to all that is noblest, purest, loftiest in the human spirit, and yet there scarcely exists a religion which has not been responsible for wars, tyrannies and the suppression of the truth.” This is why it is absolutely necessary to be on our guards when someone, especially a politician, speaks of religion and wishes to use it for purposes that are not religious.

      Religion belongs to the private domain, and while people are entitled to believe in whatever they wish, no matter how mistaken, they have no right to mix it with politics and push it on others. This is why US Constitution with amazing farsightedness decreed a separation of church and state. Whenever a politician speaks about prayer, humble repentance, intended purpose and such like he/she should be told to get on with his job of running the state; in the same way that whenever a cleric, a rabbi or a mullah wants to interfere in the affair of the state he (mainly he) should be told to go back to his church, synagogue or mosque. We have seen many examples of the tragedy of mixing religion and politics throughout the Middle Ages, and still see many examples of it in Iran, Israel, among the Taliban and sadly even in the United States and elsewhere.

  • US sent CIA Director as Ambassador to Tehran after CIA overthrew Iran's Democratic gov't (US now Complaining about Hostage-Taker Amb.)
    • Farhang Jahanpour 04/13/2014 at 1:48 pm

      As a sign that Aboutalebi's nomination was not intended as an insult or a snub, there are reports from Tehran that Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has nominated Abbas Araghchi, deputy foreign minister and the chief nuclear negotiator, as the new ambassador to the UN. If this report is confirmed, it will show that Iran did not intend to pick a fight with the United States and US Congressmen should have the grace to reciprocate. In view of the domestic backlash, this could not have been an easy decision to take, but it shows that Iran wishes to defuse the crisis.

    • It is sad that Iran and the United States cannot get over their past history and move forward to a more productive relationship. While any sane person should condemn the taking of US hostages by a group of militant students, it is important to put it into context. The true history of the hostage crisis has not yet been written. Many people in the West do not realize that during the first year after the revolution in February 1979 a deadly battle was going on between leftist and communist groups on the one hand and Ayatollah Khomeini and his religious followers on the other hand for supremacy. The leftist groups, especially the Mojahedin-e Khalq Organization (MKO), believed that they had been the main instigators of the revolution. Many people also do not know that US Embassy in Tehran was first occupied by MKO members, but Ayatollah Khomeini and Prime Minister Bazargan immediately sent Foreign Minister Ebrahim Yazdi to talk to them, and he persuaded them to leave the Embassy compound.

      Later on, a group of militant religious students decided to occupy the Embassy in order to outmaneuver the leftist groups and to prove their own revolutionary credentials. They intended to occupy the Embassy for a day or two to outdo the MKO, but when Khomeini noticed that it had received popular backing, again mainly by leftist groups, he used it to consolidate his own position and to crush and decimate the leftist forces.

      Although his action was wrong and opportunistic, nevertheless, at that time many people in the West regarded the clerical rule to be preferable to a complete leftist takeover of the government. In any case, that incident cost Iran much more than it did the United States. Less than a year later Saddam Hussein attacked Iran, if not with initial US support, at least with the support of US allies in the Middle East and later on with direct US military and political support. That war killed and wounded a million Iranians and cost hundreds of billions of dollars in damages.

      I do not think that Aboutalebi’s appointment was meant as an insult, but it was probably an oversight, as he had served as ambassador in a number of European capitals and had also visited the United States as a member of Iranian delegations without any problem. However, at this particular time when there is a possibility of rapprochement between Iran and the United States it has provided ammunition to the extremists in both countries who wish to undermine any prospects of an agreement between the two sides. They should not be allowed to succeed. As President Carter has said it is time to leave the past behind and to move on.

  • Russian Sanctions-Busting?: Putin's bruited 500k b/d oil deal with Iran draws US Threats
    • Farhang Jahanpour 04/10/2014 at 2:19 pm

      The volume of Iranian-Russian trade is very low compared to Iran's trade with the rest of her neighbors and with China, and it would be good if they could diversify their trade. However, it would be a big mistake for Iran to get into a deal with Russia that would undermine the nuclear agreement with the West. So far, the talks have progressed well and both sides express hope that a final agreement could be reached by the end of July. Under these circumstances, Iran should not jeopardize a landmark agreement with the West by a hasty deal with Russia, especially as in the past Russia had used Iran quite opportunistically.

      The main danger of Western sanctions on Russia and on Iran lies in what you allude to, namely losing the dollar’s centrality, and even more seriously undermining the entire international monetary and economic system. The way that the neocons in US Congress and Treasury have forced other countries, especially the EU, to impose sanctions on the countries with which they have some problems, and even forcing them to make use of some international economic mechanisms such as SMART and blocking normal banking transactions, apart from being wrong and bullying in itself, it undermines the global economic exchanges. It may be time for countries such as Russia and China to find an alternative to the dominant Western system and the centrality of the dollar until a proper international system is devised that cannot be subverted by some dominant countries, such as the United States.

  • Top 7 Surprising pieces of Good news in Afghanistan Presidential Election
    • Farhang Jahanpour 04/06/2014 at 8:05 am

      One may be against US invasion of Iraq and critical of many US policies in Afghanistan, nevertheless, one has to admire the remarkable election in which a majority of Afghans have participated despite threats by the Taliban and despite the problems that they are still facing in the society. The participation of a relatively large number of women in the election is particularly very impressive. One should also give some credit to President Karzai for presiding over an election for his successor that has been mainly free and fair. If democracy holds in Afghanistan this would also be a great legacy left by the United States, despite many sacrifices made by both Americans and Afghans.

      However, the main question is what is going to happen after the election and whether a number of US forces should stay on in Afghanistan or not. Many people who advocate the continued presence of US forces in Afghanistan have not clearly said what the aim of their presence is. If it is to fight against the Taliban, when the presence of tens of thousands of US and ISAF forces did not deter the Taliban what can be achieved by the presence of a few thousand American forces confined to their barracks. It can be argued that just like the 10,000 or so American forces left in Iraq they will be ineffective in any domestic clashes and will in fact be sitting ducks. If the presence of US bases in Afghanistan is for keeping an eye on the neighboring countries then it should be spelled out and debated openly. Although the return of the Taliban to power is a very worrying possibility, on balance, it seems that the United States should withdraw all her forces from Afghanistan and leave it to the Afghans to sort out their problems.

  • Palestine's Abbas finally says will Go to UN over Israeli Squatters
    • The problem with the "peace talks" is that the two sides expect quite different outcomes from them. The Palestinians are hoping that the talks would result in an end to the Israeli occupation and the creation of some form of Palestinian state on a small portion of historical Palestine. For the Israelis, the process is an end in itself. The “peace talks” are as long as a piece of string and so far they have continued for decades without any tangible outcome. They see no urgency for putting an end to the conflict because they believe that they can “manage” the conflict, and in time they can expand their control over all the occupied territories. Therefore, they have no intention of accepting the creation of a Palestinian state.

      Past experience has shown that due to domestic politics no US administration is willing or able to put real pressure on Israel to reach an equitable deal with the Palestinians. Therefore, it is disingenuous for any US official to pretend to act as an honest broker in the conflict. Going through the UN or the ICC route may not succeed, mainly due to US influence and her tendency to veto any resolution that may be against Israeli interest, but it is the only option that the Palestinians have and it is worth a try. The least it can do is to force other states to take their case more seriously.

      On the issue of Jonathan Pollard that the report brings up, he is a US national who was convicted of passing some very important classified information to a foreign government. I am surprised that more Americans are not outraged that Israel even demands his release as a part of a deal to continue talking to Palestinians.

  • Will the US side with Saudi or Qatar in the Great Gulf Civil War?
    • Farhang Jahanpour 03/31/2014 at 7:05 am

      Tiny Qatar has three assets that worry Saudi Arabia. The first one is that it has huge wealth for its tiny population and does not need to rely on Saudi Arabia. The second and a more important asset is that it houses America’s main military base in the Persian Gulf region, thus it is indispensable to US military in the way that Saudi Arabia no longer is. Its third and the most important asset is what Bandar Bin Sultan contemptuously referred to as a TV channel. Al Jazeera television network, the first relatively free and independent television network in the whole Arab world, has emerged as a major vehicle for change in the region, exposing the weaknesses of many Arab regimes. It is a channel that is watched widely and mainly trusted by young Arab populations and it has opened a window to the outside world for those conservative societies. It can be argued that “Arab Spring” owed more to Al Jazeera than to any other factor.

      Despite disagreements with Iran over Syria, Qatar has kept a line of communication open with Iranian leaders and with its opposition to the Egyptian military junta it has also established close relations with Turkey. So it has regional backers much more populous and much more important than Saudi Arabia. For all those reasons, Saudi Arabia is bound to lose out in its fight against Qatar, and the US would do well to side with Qatar to reduce religious extremism emanating from Saudi Arabia and forcing some real change in that medieval kingdom.

  • Saudi King channels John McCain, demands Obama Take Hard Line on Iran, Syria, Muslim Brotherhood
    • Saudi rulers’ opposition to Iran has more to do with their precarious domestic and regional position than with Iran’s nuclear program. Not only were the Saudis not bothered about Iranian nuclear program under Presidents Hashemi-Rafsanjani and Khatami with whom they had very friendly relations, they also warmly received President Mahmud Ahmadinejad who was the most ardent supporter of nuclear enrichment.

      However, since the “Arab Spring”, Saudi rulers feel extremely vulnerable. They have placed themselves as the main supporters of the former dictators of Tunisia, Egypt and Yemen, and they have given refuge to former Tunisian leader Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. They have invaded Bahrain to support the Bahraini ruler’s suppression of the protests by the majority Shi’as, and they are heavily involved in Yemen’s civil war against pro-al-Qaeda groups while they are supporting similar groups in Syria.

      During the last GCC summit meeting in Kuwait, the Saudis called for a joint military force among all the six GCC countries. Not only did they not achieve that goal, the GCC seems to be on the verge of collapse. Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain have withdrawn their ambassadors from Qatar due to the latter’s support for Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. During President Obama’s visit to Saudi Arabia all GCC leaders were due to go to Riyadh to meet with him. The disagreement among them has been so intense that the whole project was shelved. Domestically too Saudi rulers feel very vulnerable. The 91-year old King Abdullah is very frail, the 77-year old Crown Prince Salman has had some trouble focusing mentally of late and is believed to show signs of dementia. This is why, in an unusual move, on the eve of President Obama’s visit, King Abdullah appointed his 71-year old half brother Prince Muqrin bin Abdulaziz as deputy crown prince. How long this method of succession among some 5,000 princes can go on is anybody’s guess.

  • Donald Rumsfeld: A "Trained Ape" would be better at U.S. diplomacy than Obama
    • In this case, I believe President Obama is reaping the result of his decision not to prosecute war criminals who had been responsible for torture, the use of depleted uranium and many other banned substances in populated Iraqi cities, including in Fallujah, Abu Ghraib torture chamber, etc. If the United States is a country subject to the rule of law, all those guilty of wrongdoing, including the highest officials, should be prosecuted. The blanket amnesty given to the officials of the Bush Administration who dragged the country to one of the most disastrous wars in its history on the basis of lies and manufactured intelligence did a great disservice to the United States and to the world, not to mention the hundreds of thousands of Iraqis who were killed and millions who were displaced. It has also set a pattern for other countries to follow, so much so that every American who accuses Russia of illegal behavior in Crimea will be regarded as a hypocrite.

      For heaven’s sake, there has not even been a serious official investigation of what happened prior and during the invasion of Iraq at least to establish the facts and expose the people who were responsible for that fiasco. Even if they are not going to be prosecuted, the public has the right to know so that such people cannot fool the public again, as they seem to be doing in the case of Iran. Even now it is not too late. People should demand that after the withdrawal of US forces from Iraq and Afghanistan there should be an open and through investigation of the facts about those two misadventures and the officials responsible for them.

  • On Iranian New Year, Russia hints it May Swing Support to Tehran over Crimea Sanctions
    • The effect of Ukrainian-Crimean situation on Iran’s relations with the West and with Russia is very complex and it can go either way. Some argue that Russia’s spat with the West will persuade her to cooperate more with Iran and there has even been some talk of buying half a million barrels of oil from Iran in return for Russian goods (military equipment, possibly SS400 missiles?), while others have said that the West may show its displeasure of Russian action by intensifying hostility towards Syria and Iran. Others have argued that the West may get closer to Iran in order to turn her against Russia. Many Iranians are aware of these problems and have warned the officials that Ukraine is a geopolitical dispute between Russia and the West and Iran should remain neutral in the whole affair link to iranreview.org

      Iranians remember that Russia voted with the West in all the Security Council resolutions against Iran and went along with most of the sanctions imposed on Iran, cancelling some military agreements. At the moment, the biggest game in Iranian foreign policy is to resolve the nuclear dispute with the West and to have sanctions lifted. They would be foolish to jeopardize the success of the talks by provoking the West as the result of getting close to Russia.

      On a different note, in view of today being Nowruz, which is celebrated by more than 300 million people in Iran and many surrounding countries, here is a song sung by a popular Iranian singer called Hayedeh, which is called Nowruz Eve, for your Persian speaking readers or for all those who likes exotic music and dancing link to youtube.com

  • RIP: Tony Benn - "We'll never have Democracy as long as Big Business can buy Both Parties
    • Farhang Jahanpour 03/17/2014 at 4:59 pm

      Although I had admired Tony Benn from afar, a few years ago I had the good fortune to share a platform with him at the University of London to address a very large crowd of students. When talking to him after the lecture, it was as though I had known him all my life. He was so modest, kind and approachable that one instantly felt at home. When I said how wonderful it was to see that so many people had come to listen to lectures about peace and to campaign against war, he said: "Never forget that we are in majority. People instinctively prefer peace over war. They are only pushed to war as the result of massive propaganda and misrepresentation. All we need to do is to organize, to believe in ourselves and never to give in." May he rest in peace!

  • A New Arab Cold War: Saudi Arabia Pressures Qatar on Muslim Brotherhood, American Think Tanks
    • Farhang Jahanpour 03/10/2014 at 5:06 pm

      To add to all the problems that Saudi rulers are facing, Saudi women are also becoming restive and are demanding their rights. In an incredible and unheard of interview with the British Channel 4 tonight, King Abdullah’s second wife says that her four daughters are kept as virtual prisoners in Saudi Arabia and have suffered years of abuse in a royal compound in Jeddah. She calls on Saudi authority to free them from their captivity and allow them to travel to the West for medical treatment
      link to channel4.com
      This interview will be a great embarrassment for King Abdullah and the entire Saudi ruling family and is bound to intensify the demands of Saudi women for equality or at least better treatment.

  • Can the Neoconservatives make a comeback via the Ukraine Crisis?
    • Farhang Jahanpour 03/10/2014 at 9:13 am

      smatthew. Thank you for your measured comment, but I believe that the Nuland tape cannot be dismissed as easily as Timothy Snyder does. The tape shows plans not only to install someone who Nuland favored, as happened subsequently, but also how to get the UN involved to “glue this thing, to have the UN glue it”, and how she is so dismissive of the EU, which after all is the main body that Ukraine wanted to join, unless we are also thinking of extending NATO to Ukraine. Also, various neoconservative organizations have been active behind the scenes about how to make Ukraine independent of Russia. In another speech, Nuland speaks of how US has invested $5 billion to bring about change in Ukraine
      link to informationclearinghouse.info

      I also do not wish to demean the 88 deaths of real Ukrainians, both civilians and policemen, who were killed during the demonstrations. But the tape of the conversation between Catherine Ashton and the Estonian foreign minister alleges that the snipers who killed both demonstrators and policemen were hired by Maidan leaders. This is a very serious charge and it is demeaning to those who were killed not to investigate this matter fully. If the report is true it shows that what happened was a violent coup and not a peaceful uprising. There have been many examples in the past when genuine uprisings by people hoping for democracy have been hijacked by violent elements. There is no contradiction between Neo-Nazis being behind the violence and the fact that the new Prime Minister is Jewish. Initially, the neocons who pushed for war in Iraq were behind Ahmed Chalabi, but as we know things turned out differently and sadly Al Qaeda is still killing hundreds every month in Iraq.

    • Farhang Jahanpour 03/09/2014 at 10:19 am

      This is an important and interesting article that shows the profound influence of neocons on various US Administrations. My only observation is that after the Clean Break and President Bush Senior’s decision to leave Saddam Hussein in place, the neocons did not give up. Many of them achieved high positions under President Clinton. It should be remembered that the foreign policy community in Washington is small, everybody knows everybody else, and most of them hold broadly similar views. They are all the products of Washington foreign policy establishment. Victoria Nuland, one of the main authors of the Ukraine crisis, is the wife of Robert Kagan who with his brother Fred Kagan were strong advocates of the Iraq war and the surge, and Nuland herself worked as a foreign policy advisor to Dick Cheney. Her husband served as a foreign policy advisor to both Hillary Clinton and Mitt Romney at the same time.

      The tragedy was that after all the promises of change President Obama again drew on the same pool of foreign policy hawks to carry out his new vision, and they have created obstacles on his path at every turn. The more hawkish ones are still waiting in the wings to push the next administration to more wars in the Middle East.

  • US Hypocrisy on Crimean secession move: Washington Supported Break-up of Sudan, Yugoslavia, Iraq
    • What recent events in Ukraine show is that
      1- The Cold War is still very much with us and people on both sides of the fence are not willing to move on. The truly amazing propaganda on both sides harks back to the worst days of the Cold War.
      2- There is no limit to how far Western powers are prepared to go in order to weaken Russia. President Reagan promised Gorbachev on the eve of the breakup of the Soviet Union that NATO would not incorporate former Soviet republics. However, practically all East European members of the former Warsaw Pact are now NATO members, and now the West is even pushing to separate Ukraine that has a substantial number of Russian speakers and even ethnic Russians from Moscow.
      3- There is no concern for truth or human rights. The new tape that contains a conversation between EU foreign affairs chief Catherine Ashton and the Estonian foreign minister who has since confirmed the authenticity of the conversation shows that the snipers who shot at both the protestors and the police in Kiev were allegedly hired by Maidan leaders. This is a matter of great importance. It shows that the members of the new gang who have taken power in Ukraine committed crimes not only against members of the police, but also against ordinary unarmed civilians. Should this not be investigated and those responsible brought to book instead of serving in the new “democratic government”?
      4- The Nuland tape provides a rare glimpse into how the United States makes use of her diplomatic assets, the UN, vast funds (some five billion dollars according to Nuland’s admission elsewhere) and her European allies to get what she wants. It is interesting to note that the United States is pushing for the separation of Ukraine from Russia and incorporation into the EU even more than EU leaders want, and in Nuland’s words, “F… the EU”. Meanwhile, Ukraine needs some $35 billion to be bailed out, presumably by the EU.
      5- It shows that neocons are still very much at the heart of US Administration and their demise has been greatly exaggerated.
      6- Above all, and the most frightening aspect of recent events, is the fact that the neocons are prepared to drag the whole world to the brink of a major global confrontation in order to achieve their goals. I believe all of us should be concerned.

  • Ukraine Crisis Shows Urgency of Green Energy: Russian Nat'l Gas Blackmail
    • Farhang Jahanpour 03/06/2014 at 12:08 pm

      Here is the link to the conversation between EU foreign affairs chief Catherine Ashton and the Estonian foreign minister who has since confirmed the authenticity of the conversation. It is the Estonian foreign minister who tell Ashton that the snipers who shot at both the protestors and the police in Kiev were allegedly hired by Maidan leaders. link to rt.com

    • Farhang Jahanpour 03/06/2014 at 7:34 am

      One dimension of the Ukrainian crisis that has not been explored sufficiently concerns the energy war between Russia and the US in view of the boom in American natural gas supplies. Despite the fact that hydraulic fracturing is environmentally debilitating and will result in massive pollution and environmental degradation in the United States, many oil and gas tycoons are not bothered by that. In fact, a report in today’s New York Times hails “a new era of American energy diplomacy” and the use of vast new supply of natural gas as “a weapon to undercut the influence of the Russian president, Vladimir V. Putin, over Ukraine and Europe.”
      link to nytimes.com
      Is it just a coincidence that the former US Ambassador to Ukraine Carlos Pascual new heads the State Department’s Bureau of Energy Resources set up in 2011 by Secretary Hillary Clinton? NYT quotes him as saying that his team’s efforts had already weakened Putin’s hand.
      Some other energy experts had spoken about the geopolitical significance of oil and gas pipelines and the growing sale of LNG from the United States and elsewhere to replace the pipelines
      link to realclearworld.com
      So while your point about the urgency of green energy is absolutely correct, the politicians and oil and gas corporations have different priorities and different agendas.

  • A New Crimean War? (Update: Stuff's Getting Real)
    • Thank you very much for this timely and necessary historical perspective about a part of the world with a very complex background. Although clearly President Putin’s action in Crimea has been rather crude and heavy-handed, nevertheless, one should also remember the equally crude activities of the neocons over a number of years. link to consortiumnews.com
      After the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, the neocons have found it difficult to move on and have continued the fight, this time against Russia. Robert Gates described that approach by quoting Dick Cheney: “When the Soviet Union was collapsing in late 1991, Dick wanted to see the dismantlement not only of the Soviet Union and the Russian empire but of Russia itself, so it could never again be a threat to the rest of the world.”

      Contrary to the promise given by President Reagan to Gorbachev that NATO would not push to Russia’s borders, we have seen the expansion of NATO to many former Soviet territories, even the failed attempt to incorporate Georgia and now Ukraine. As you rightly warn, if the situation is not handled with care it can easily lead to a major confrontation with unpredictable consequences. The only solution seems a non-aligned federative state of Ukraine with friendly relations with both Russia and the EU.

  • The Iran Breakthrough TV News is Ignoring: Uranium Stockpile falls below amount Needed for Bomb
    • Farhang Jahanpour 02/21/2014 at 1:16 pm

      There is nothing new with the corporate media not reporting Iran’s compliance with the terms of the Geneva agreement. This has been the case at least since 2003 when Iran negotiated with the European Troika, signed the Additional Protocol and even suspended enrichment for over two years. It should be pointed out that most of the demands of the P5+1 have nothing to do with the NPT, but go way beyond the requirements of the Additional Protocol. Their demands, which Iran has already agreed as part of the interim Geneva Agreement, include capping enrichment at five per cent, turning the stockpile of 19.5 per cent enriched uranium to fuel rods that cannot be used for any military purposes, closing the heavy water reactor in Arak or modifying it to a light water reactor, reducing the stockpile of uranium enriched to five per cent, cutting the number of centrifuges, etc.

      According to the NPT, all that a member country is required to do is not to manufacture nuclear weapons. In return, nuclear countries have given an undertaking to get rid of their weapons, something that they have failed to do. If Iran ratifies the Additional Protocol and provides greater transparency, according to the NPT she is allowed to engage in any peaceful nuclear activity that she desires. In short, what the West is demanding of Iran has nothing to do with the NPT, but is based on bullying and blackmail, while Israel that is the only country in the Middle East that possesses nuclear weapons is totally ignored.

      It is important to bear in mind that if for any reason the talks fail Iran will be blamed for the failure, and the neocons will again ask for military action. Yousaf Butt, a prominent nuclear physicist and a non-proliferation expert, in an important article entitled “No Iran Deal? No Problem” argues that even if the nuclear talks fall apart, all is not lost, because the IAEA still continues to inspect Iran’s nuclear facilities link to nationalinterest.org

  • Putinism in Cairo? The Rise of the Russian Model
    • An excellent analysis as ever! It is sad to see that a revolution that was supported by such a large section of the population and provided such a promise to the rest of the Arab world has ended up in perhaps a worse shape than the regime under President Mubarak. I believe that your observation about the failure of Putinism and soft dictatorship will also apply to Egypt. I cannot believe that the millions who rose up against dictatorship in Egypt only three years ago will be content to put up with another military dictatorship for long. It should be remembered that dreams of democracy have a long history in Egypt. In fact, Muhammad Abduh’s attempts to reconcile democracy with Islam over a century ago provided a model for later Muslim reformers. His statement “I went to the West and saw Islam, but no Muslims; I got back to the East and saw Muslims, but not Islam” showed his great admiration for democratic West. Egypt’s economic weakness and the need for stability may delay another push for democracy, but it will come.

  • Israel to Implant 9-Storey Ultra-Orthodox Seminary in Palestinian East Jerusalem
    • Farhang Jahanpour 02/13/2014 at 11:52 am

      Jerusalem is one of the great cities of the world, but when you visit it you can see that apart from some myths it really has very little heritage that can be called Jewish. It is mainly the product of a few centuries of Christian buildings and monuments and over 1200 years of Islamic legacy. Its historic character is being steadily destroyed as the result of a large number of ugly and uniform settlements that are built all round of the city. Building a nine-storey building in such a historic city, even if legal, would be wrong and in very bad taste. I believe the UNESCO should be asked to intervene and preserve the historic legacy of that unique city until its fate is finally decided as the result of a final settlement.

  • False Dawn: The 35th Anniversary of Iranian Revolution
    • Farhang Jahanpour 02/14/2014 at 1:35 pm

      Ciriaco, yes thanks for that. His case had been widely reported in Iran for a long time. It is sad. At least under the Shah poets were not executed for what they wrote, although there were some suspicious deaths that were blamed on the SAVAK, but most of them proved false like Shari'ati's death and the death of Ayatollah Khomeini's son Mostafa, etc.

    • Rjlynn, many thanks for your interesting comment and the lovely translations of Farrokhzad’s poem. I should have referred to Red Rose, because it describes so poetically the sense of anticipation for a new birth. Also thank you for pointing out the message of The Bird. I had not thought of it as a critique of impractical idealism, but you may be right. I always regarded it as the failure of the attempts to bring about a revolution up to that point or the mortality of the poet, not the futility of the effort or impracticality of idealism. After all, her main message was “keep the flight in mind, the bird may die.”

    • Farhang Jahanpour 02/13/2014 at 6:45 am

      Nap, many thanks for your comment. You are absolutely right. Samad Behrangi has an honourable place in pre-revolutionary Iranian literature, but in a short article I could not include all those who contributed to the social and literary movement that led to the revolution.

  • A $9 Trillion War? Top 10 Reasons Americans will Regret it if GOP Derails Iran Negotiations
    • What is even more tragic is that there is not greater public awareness and a strong backlash against the attempts of a foreign government to drag the US and the world through a devastating war that will cause so much pain, suffering and destruction on charges that are now proved to have been false propaganda in order to manufacture a crisis link to lobelog.com

  • "The Iranians are Coming!" Derangement Syndrome over 1 Destroyer in Atlantic
    • Farhang Jahanpour 02/09/2014 at 9:35 am

      Just compare and contrast this Iranian “fleet” of “warships” that carries “some 30 navy academy cadets for training” with at least one and often two US aircraft carrier strike groups in the Persian Gulf and the Arabia Sea, in addition to dozens of F-22 and F-15C warplanes that operate out of US bases in the Persian Gulf. Images of US ships in the Persian Gulf link to google.co.uk

      Here is the Wikipedia list of the top 10 military spenders in 2012:
      1. USA ($683 billion = $2,200 per capita)
      2. China ($166 billion = $123 per capita)
      3. Russia ($91 billion = $436 per capita)
      4. United Kingdom ($61 billion = $984 per capita)
      5. Japan ($59 billion = $465 per capita)
      6. France ($59 billion = $908 per capita)
      7. Saudi Arabia ($57 billion = $2,014 per capita)
      8. India ($46 billion = $26 per capita)
      9. Germany ($43 billion = $524 per capita)
      10. Italy ($34 billion = $557 per capita)
      Meanwhile, Iran spent $9.00 billion on its military in 2012, which amounted to about $112 per capita, compared to USA’s $2,200 per population. Iran's military expenditure as a share of GDP stood at 1.8% in 2012, which is significantly (28%) below the global average. Israel’s military budget of $14.6 billion accounted for 6.2% of her GDP.

      Just to see comparative figures, here is the Wikipedia list of the top 10 military spenders in 2012:
      1. USA ($683 billion = $2,200 per capita)
      2. China ($166 billion = $123 per capita)
      3. Russia ($91 billion = $436 per capita)
      4. United Kingdom ($61 billion = $984 per capita)
      5. Japan ($59 billion = $465 per capita)
      6. France ($59 billion = $908 per capita)
      7. Saudi Arabia ($57 billion = $2,014 per capita)
      8. India ($46 billion = $26 per capita)
      9. Germany ($43 billion = $524 per capita)
      10. Italy ($34 billion = $557 per capita)
      Meanwhile, Iran spent $9.00 billion on its military in 2012, which amounted to about $112 per capita, compared to USA’s $2,200 per population. Iran's military expenditure as a share of GDP stood at 1.8% in 2012, which is significantly (28%) below the global average. Israel’s military budget of $14.6 billion accounted for 6.2% of her GDP.

    • Farhang Jahanpour 02/09/2014 at 9:32 am

      Just compare and contrast this Iranian “fleet” of “warships” that carries “some 30 navy academy cadets for training” with at least one and often two US aircraft carrier strike groups in the Persian Gulf and the Arabia Sea, in addition to dozens of F-22 and F-15C warplanes that operate out of US bases in the Persian Gulf. Images of US ships in the Persian Gulf link to google.co.uk

      Here is the Wikipedia list of the top 10 military spenders in 2012:
      1. USA ($683 billion = $2,200 per capita)
      2. China ($166 billion = $123 per capita)
      3. Russia ($91 billion = $436 per capita)
      4. United Kingdom ($61 billion = $984 per capita)
      5. Japan ($59 billion = $465 per capita)
      6. France ($59 billion = $908 per capita)
      7. Saudi Arabia ($57 billion = $2,014 per capita)
      8. India ($46 billion = $26 per capita)
      9. Germany ($43 billion = $524 per capita)
      10. Italy ($34 billion = $557 per capita)
      Meanwhile, Iran spent $9.00 billion on its military in 2012, which amounted to about $112 per capita, compared to USA’s $2,200 per population. Iran's military expenditure as a share of GDP stood at 1.8% in 2012, which is significantly (28%) below the global average. Israel’s military budget of $14.6 billion accounted for 6.2% of her GDP.

  • Camel Bones and Jerusalem: Archeology Shows Bible written Late, Full of Errors
    • Farhang Jahanpour 02/06/2014 at 10:09 am

      One of the major mistakes of literalists and religious fundamentalists in all religions is that they read their scriptures as statements of fact. The Bible is not a history book. It is more akin to literature and poetry, to the tales of Sir Gawain and the Green Knights, to the Avestan stories about an ancient kingdom of Jamshid or stories about King Arthur than to any proper historical narrative.

      In fact, there might be more historical truths in the myths about King Arthur who was a legendary British leader of the early 6th century AD than in the tales about Abraham, David and Solomon whose alleged existence is shrouded by mystery and myths. The same goes for the sojourn in Egypt and the exodus. It is important to bear in mind that the oldest record of the complete text of the Old Testament survives in a Greek translation called the Septuagint dating from the 4th century AD and the oldest extant manuscripts of the Bible upon which modern editions are based date from the 9th century AD. In other words, old tales were transmitted by the word of mouth before they were written down hundreds of years after the events that they refer to.

      The Avesta, the Vedas, the Bible, the Koran and other ancient religious texts are fascinating accounts of the beliefs and superstitions of ancient people, but they seldom provide an accurate account of past events or a guide for modern life.

  • Christie, Clapper and other Officials who should be in Jail instead of Snowden
    • In any country where a group of people are given power over the lives of others and immunity from prosecution they are likely to misuse their powers, and no organization has more power than intelligence organizations that hold the secrets about most individuals, including government officials. This is human nature, and the story of every secretive intelligence organization throughout the world. This is why the US Constitution was initially based on checks and balances to make sure that violations were brought to a minimum, but an organization that collects 200 million text messages a day is out of control. The entire structure of intelligence and security organizations need to be reexamined and reformed before it is too late. So far, Americans can still speak about these things, although some have to spend their lives in exile for their brave acts. We must fear the day when even that window is closed as has been done repeatedly in the past in a number of other countries.

  • Despite Reform Pledges, Rouhani's Iran remains Human Rights Nightmare
    • As far as I am concerned, everybody who is interested in peace and human rights should make sure that there is no war or violence against Iran, because violence does not resolve anything. On the contrary, it makes the situation even worse than it is. One only has to look at the situation in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, etc. where violence has destroyed the societies to such an extent that the rule of law has been undermined and chaos and anarchy have become the norm. Under such conditions it is a travesty to speak about human rights.

      Having said that, we should not be so carried away by our effort to prevent war that we close our eyes to real human rights violations in Iran. Many Iranians fear that the rapprochement with the West may come at the expense of human rights in Iran. There was massive violation of human rights by the SAVAK under the Shah and very few people in the West objected to that as long as their commercial and political interests were safeguarded, and the same is going on at the moment in the case of Saudi Arabia or many other friends of the West. It is possible that if Western governments get what they want from the Iranian government the plight of ordinary Iranians will be forgotten.

      There have been credible reports that in a meeting between Ayatollah Khamenei and President Rouhani the president had persuaded Khamenei to stop the hardliners from preventing the nuclear deal with the West. Allegedly, in return, Rouhani had agreed not to push for the release of the Green Movement leaders and hundreds of political prisoners, or implementing many of the promises that he had made during his presidential campaign. It is difficult to verify such reports, but the fact is that there has been very little change in domestic situation under Rouhani. Iran has the largest per capita executions in the world, sometimes on dubious charges. It is only right to raise our voices against death penalty and all human rights violations while also being strong in our efforts for the peaceful resolution of Iran’s nuclear program.

  • Israel and Saudi Arabia on Same page re: Keeping Iran a Pariah
    • Farhang Jahanpour 01/23/2014 at 6:40 am

      As early as 2002 when the then Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah put forward the initiative at the Arab League summit to recognize Israel provided that she withdrew to pre-1967 borders showed that the Saudis were in favor of moving closer to Israel and integrating Israel into the region, which is a good thing.

  • Syria Conference Roiled by Shouting Matches, Insults
    • While completing agreeing with your statement that successful negotiations only take place when the two sides are tired of fighting, I believe that another element should be added to this formula, namely whether the foreign backers of the conflict feel that they have achieved what they set out to do.

      Even if the uprising in Syria started as part of the “Arab Spring”, it is clear that right from the start both Saudi Arabia and the United States tried to use it to bring down the government of Bashar Asad to cut off the link between Iran and the Hezbollah. As early as the summer of 2011, a Saudi official said: "The king knows that other than the collapse of the Islamic Republic itself, nothing would weaken Iran more than losing Syria." link to theguardian.com
      Most Western countries shared that goal and they have not yet given up that goal as manifested by the opening remarks of Secretary John Kerry at Montreux.

  • Massive War Crimes: Syrian Regime Tortured, Starved, Murdered 11,000 Prisoners
    • Farhang Jahanpour 01/23/2014 at 2:37 pm

      Joe, you are absolutely right. I thought that it was a given that the Syrian sides, both the government and the opposition, will also be involved in the final settlement. Otherwise, it makes no sense.

    • Hunter, I was not suggesting any military action. What I meant was that instead of all this grandstanding and conferences with representatives of 40 nations most of whom have nothing to do with Syria, the main players should get together and reach a deal to put an end to all the bloodshed, similar to the deal that was reached over Syria's chemical weapons. Watching the first day of the conference in Montreux leads one to believe that neither side really means business. It is simply a platform for putting more pressure on Assad to resign.

    • The proxy war in Syria is descending into total barbarism and violence by both sides. Instead of playing geopolitical games over the lives of millions of people it is time for the “international community” to come together and put an end to this carnage. The West, the Saudis, the Turks and the Qataris have been backing the terrorists as a part of the plan to weaken Iran and the Hezbollah, while Russia, Iran and Hezbollah have been sending weapons, funds and fighters to fight on the side of the government. There is evidence that despite denial and apparent change of heart, Turkey is still arming the jihadists. link to al-monitor.com

      Even if the Geneva Conference takes place, despite the debacle of finally inviting Iran and then de-inviting Iran the following day under US pressure, and some sort of a communiqué is cobbled together, there is no guarantee that it will have any effect on the ground. The Syrian National Coalition, which has agreed to attend the conference under the threats that all funding to it would be cut off if it didn’t, represents only a small part of the opposition, while the real fighting is being carried out by the Al-Nusra Front and ISIS, which are affiliated to the Al-Qaeda. All sides should realize that sometimes “my enemy’s enemy is also my enemy.” What is really needed is for the United States, Russia, Iran, Turkey and Saudi Arabia that are the main players in this deadly game to get together and force both sides to declare a ceasefire, followed by elections under international supervision. Otherwise, the carnage will continue and will spread.

  • The Shame and the Danger of Egypt's 98% Vote
    • Farhang Jahanpour 01/19/2014 at 7:19 am

      This is an excellent assessment of what has happened in Egypt after a revolution that seemed so promising. We are back to the days of President Mubarak with a much more overt and brutal military face. This reminds me of the poem by the Iranian poet Nader Naderpour written after the disappointing results of the Iranian revolution:

      In my homeland
      After the dawn of blood
      There is no sign of the sun

      However, what kept the clerical regime in Iran going was its appeal to people's religious sentiment and above all to the disastrous war imposed by Saddam Hussein on Iran that consolidated the revolution. The Egyptian military will find it much more difficult to justify its harsh rule after a massive and popular revolution.

  • American Public Pushes back against AIPAC Senators seeking Iran Conflict
    • Mark, I usually enjoy reading your well-informed comments on this site and I learn a great deal from them, but I do not see the connection between your comment and what I had to say. Even if we know that Hezbollah has 40,000 Iranian rockets (how do we know that, apart from some Israeli claims?) Israel has shown that she is more than a match both for Lebanon and Hezbollah. Of course, Israel is concerned about its citizens’ safety, as she should be, but my point was about the clause in the Senate bill S. 1881, committing the United States to provide “diplomatic, military and economic support to the Government of Israel” if she takes military action against “Iran’s nuclear weapons program”. I believe to give a free hand to a foreign government to launch an attack on another country on the excuse of self-defense against Iran’s non-existent nuclear weapons and then commit America to provide military support for that aggression is strange and an abdication of national responsibility.

    • Thank goodness that civil society is still strong in the United States, although it seems that it is not as strong as those who are pushing for war. In the same way that public opposition to an attack on Syria, helped by a vote against it in the UK Parliament, put an end to what would have been a disastrous decision, what is needed now is much greater level of public opposition to the AIPAC-backed bill to torpedo the agreement with Iran and potentially to pave the way for another catastrophic war in the Middle East.

      The Senate bill S. 1881 makes it clear what the ultimate aim of its sponsors is. It says that If Israel is "compelled to take military action in legitimate self-defense against Iran's nuclear weapons program," the United States should stand with Israel and provide ... diplomatic, military and economic support to the Government of Israel in defense of its territory, people and existence." It gives a blank check to a foreign government that has described the Iranians as the Nazis and has said that it is 1938 all over again to launch an attack on Iran at a time of its choosing on the excuse of Iran’s non-existent nuclear weapons, and it commits the United States to provide diplomatic, military and economic support for that act of aggression. Such abdication of national responsibility over an issue as important as war and peace is almost unprecedented in history.

  • Messianic Israeli Minister obsessed with Palestinian Land accuses Kerry of Messianic Obsession
    • Mr Watson, that is a big topic and requires one or more articles. Iranian-American relations have not always been bad. In fact, for many decades Iran was a main pillar of US foreign policy in the Middle East. We may not get back to that position again in the near future but a reduction in mutual hostility is a good start. The fact is that the bulk of Iranians are pro-American and would like to have friendly relations with the rest of the world. The following link provides some ideas about the benefits of good relations:
      link to lobelog.com

    • Yaalon's comments reveal Israel's real intentions, to keep talking about the "Peace Process", but never to do anything tangible to bring it about. If an American administration tries to take some serious steps towards ending the conflict that clearly is a nuisance and a threat to those who want to continue with the expansion of the settlements and occupying more Palestinian territory.

  • Dubai Calls for End to Iran Sanctions, Says no Nuclear Threat
    • Contrary to the myth created by some sections of Western media that the Persian Gulf countries back Israel's opposition to Iranian nuclear deal with the West, practically all those countries have welcomed the Geneva agreement. Oman facilitated the meetings between Iranian and American diplomats. Last month UAE’s foreign minister visited Tehran, and Iranian Foreign Minister Zarif made a successful tour of Persian Gulf states, including Oman, Kuwait and Qatar. Even Saudi Arabia welcomed the Geneva agreement, but Iran and Saudi Arabia have serious differences over Syria where the Saudis back the insurgents and Iran backs President Bashar Asad’s government. Iranian foreign minister visited Beirut last Sunday and talked to the Lebanese president and other officials.

      Last week Iranian foreign minister visited Turkey and the two sides talked about expanding their trade relations. In 2013 the volume of annual trade between the two countries was just short of $15 billion despite the sanctions, in the current year it is estimated to rise to $30 billion, and they aim to raise it further to $50 billion by the end of 2015. Turkish prime minister is due to visit Tehran at the end of January, and Iranian President Rouhani has been invited to visit Turkey within the next few months. So, contrary to the myth, Israel and its backers in Congress are alone in opposing the deal.

  • Top Ten Ways Ariel Sharon Ruined Israel and the Middle East
    • At a time when a number of world leaders are heading to Jerusalem to take part in Ariel Sharon's funeral and no doubt many tributes will be paid to him it is important to be reminded of his real legacy for the Israelis and Palestinians as set out in this brilliant obituary.

      His worst legacy was that he perpetuated and institutionalized the notion that “might makes right”, and to use force and violence to subdue defenseless Palestinians. This logic is going to fail in the long term because what the Israelis as a small minority in the Middle East need more than anything else is acceptance by their neighbors not their short-term subjugation by force that will not remain for ever. Even if the Americans and Israelis manage to impose an unjust solution on the Palestinians in their moment of weakness it will be reversed when the present realities in the Middle East change. Sharon made the cause of reconciliation and true friendship between the Israelis and the Palestinians much more difficult to achieve.

  • New Congressional Sanctions on Iran Will Backfire . . . on Congress
    • Farhang Jahanpour 01/14/2014 at 7:53 am

      I am not a fan of Ayatollah Khamenei, but the usual reference to him as the unelected Supreme Leader of Iran is simply wrong. First of all, the term "Supreme Leader" is a title bestowed on him by Western media. In Persian he is referred to simply as "the esteemed" or "the honorable" leader of the revolution. He was elected two terms as Iran's president with higher than usual number of votes, and he was also elected as the leader by the Assembly of Experts, an assembly of senior clerics whose members are elected by the public. You may disapprove of Iranians elections, but to say that he was unelected is simply wrong.

  • Recognizing Israel as a Jewish State is like saying the US is a White State
    • Farhang Jahanpour 01/06/2014 at 7:38 am

      One of our main objections to states such as Iran and Saudi Arabia is that they give a special status to Islam and discriminate against other religious minorities. If India were to call itself a Hindu state, Japan a Buddhist state, Egypt an Islamic state, the United States a Christian state, and Israel a Jewish state where will all that lead to? What will be the status of 150 million Muslims in India, or some 10 million Copts in Egypt, or 1.7 million Palestinians in Israel? Surely instead of going back to the Middle Ages and define countries by their religions, the time has come to move forward and establish states in which there is a separation of religion and politics and people are citizens by right rather than due to their religious affiliation.

  • Israel Rejects Kerry Proposal to Relinquish Control of Palestine-Jordan Border, Endangering Talks
    • Israel’s “very painful concessions” seem to involve recognizing a Palestinian entity with a large number of Israeli settlements in the 20 per cent of historical Palestinian territory that may form the future territory of the Palestinian state, with over half a million Israeli settlers occupying part of that small territory, with no right of return for millions of Palestinians who were forced out of their homes, and the whole place being surrounded by Israeli forces, and no clear concessions on Jerusalem, something resembling a larger Gaza. It is time to give up this charade and allow UN General Assembly and Security Council resolutions on Israel and Palestine to be implemented without a US veto.

  • Iraq Gov't Collapsing as 44 Sunni MPs Withdraw from Parliament
    • The disastrous neocon policy for the Middle East has wreaked havoc and is spreading chaos everywhere. The illegal US invasion of Iraq has not brought democracy to that country. On the contrary, it has killed hundreds of thousands, displaced millions, created a fertile ground for Al-Qaida and other militant groups and has given rise to a failed state. The chances are that the same scenario will be repeated in Afghanistan.

      The campaign launched against Syria in order to weaken Iran and break the link between Iran and Hizballah has again killed well over a hundred thousand people, displaced millions and is now spreading to Lebanon, as well as to Iraq and Jordan. In a bold move, the former French Foreign Minister Roland Dumas admitted that plans to topple the Syrian Assad-government were in the making prior to the outbreak of the “crisis”. He confirmed that the plan was to accomplish the war on Syria through “an invasion of rebels”. Dumas went on to say: “Consequently, everything that moves in the region… and I have this from a former Israeli Prime Minister who told me ´we will try to get on with our neighbors but those who don´t agree with us will be destroyed. It is a type of politics, a view of history, why not after all. But one should know about it.” link to explosivereports.com

      The Persian Gulf monarchies that are supporting the insurgency in Syria and Iraq are foolishly preparing for their own destruction at the hand of the militants. Instead of another war on Iran that will set the entire region ablaze, what is needed is for a serious attempt at establishing mechanisms for regional security, involving Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Persian Gulf littoral states, Syria and Israel. The alternative is chaos and destruction for many decades to come.

  • American Studies Association to Boycott Israeli Institutions in Historic Vote
    • Farhang Jahanpour 12/17/2013 at 2:25 pm

      This is good news not only for the hard-pressed Palestinians who live as stateless citizens under occupation and oppression, but it is only good news for all the decent and democratically minded Israelis who wish to get rid of apartheid in their country. The sanctions against South Africa did not only liberate the blacks, but it also liberated White South Africans from the guilt of oppression and discrimination against their fellow citizens. Let us hope that concerted action by many more democratically-minded people in the West will free the Palestinians and the Jews from the clutches of rightwing governments that have ruled them over the past few decades.

  • Can Mandela's Truth and Reconciliation Heal the Middle East?
    • Farhang Jahanpour 12/10/2013 at 8:03 am

      Thank you for another clarion call for sanity and justice. Watching that short clip has shown me that forgiveness is much more powerful than revenge. Those who think "Truth and Reconciliation" is an easy way out should watch this to see that it is the most powerful response to violence and the cycle of revenge.

  • Top 10 errors in Netanyahu's Speech Demanding Iran give up 'Genocidal' Policies
    • Farhang Jahanpour 12/10/2013 at 7:13 am

      Many thanks for this illuminating account, which is totally missing from the corporate media. Falsehoods and exaggerations, such as Ahmadinejad allegedly threatening to wipe Israel off the map or the latest remarks of Khamenei as distasteful as they are, are repeated long enough until they are treated as facts and shape public perception.

      The first sentence of the quote from Netanyahu’s speech gives a clue to his real agenda: “Our best efforts to reach Palestinian-Israeli peace will come to nothing if Iran succeeds in building atomic bombs.” This is the game that Israeli leaders have played successfully for many decades to avoid discussing the Palestinian issue. For the past half a century, Israel has used an imaginary foreign threat to continue its occupation of Palestinian lands. Those who have followed the Arab-Israeli conflict know very well that Gamal Abdel Naser, Hafiz al-Assad, Saddam Hussein, Yasser Arafat and Ahmadinejad were all described as Hitler and any negotiation with them was a repetition of Munich Agreement and a sign of appeasement. Now it seems President Rouhani who has come with a message of peace and wishes to resolve the conflict over Iran’s nuclear program is going to be subjected to the same treatment. This shows that the deal with Iran is by no means guaranteed and Israel and her powerful friends in US Congress will do everything to kill it.

  • GOP: No Climate Change because, Bible
    • It is truly amazing that in technologically the most developed country of the world there are seemingly sane people in positions of power who still hold such nonsensical ideas that one hoped we had left behind a long time ago. Somebody should ask them if they really believe that the world was created six thousand years ago over six days as set out in the Bible too. Some of them presumably do. It is scary to think that these people with the belief in the End Days and the Armageddon also have the power to start wars and crusades and kill hundreds of thousands of fellow human beings on the basis of some ancient myths.

  • US-Iran War Averted by Agreement to Negotiate on Nuclear Enrichment
    • Dear Bjorn,
      Sorry, I have just seen your comment and kind words about me. I still publish widely, but sadly I have not published any article on Informed Comment recently. I have published quite a few articles on TFF recently.

    • Dear Angryspittle, No, I am not Mansour Farhang, I am Farhang Jahanpour

    • The interim agreement that was reached with Iran was excellent news for both Iran and the West:

      1-It is a major step towards non-proliferation without the use of force, while also accepting – at least implicitly – the rights of the NPT members to uranium enrichment.

      2- It is a major step forward for world peace and it has saved the Middle East from another disastrous war. It shows the difference between Bush’s and Obama’s approaches to world politics. While President Bush resorted to the use of force to impose his will illegally on other nations, President Obama has tried to impose his views through dialog and diplomatic means without massive loss of life and huge costs.

      3- It will stabilize the Middle East that has been suffering from instability since the outbreak of the Iranian revolution, both as the result of the revolutionary zeal of Iranian leaders, as well as the military means that were used to contain it, most notably the disastrous Iran-Iraq war that killed and wounded more than a million people and caused hundreds of millions of dollars worth of damage to Iran and Iraq.

      4- On the Iranian side, it has also shown the difference between the approaches of Ahmadinejad and Rouhani. While Ahmadinezhad with the use of the stick and radicalism did not achieve much, Rouhani in a few short months with the use of the carrot and a more conciliatory approach has managed to seal an interim deal with the West.

      5- It has brought Iran in out of the cold and hopefully will reintegrate it into the international community, and will shore up the forces that are fighting for greater democracy and human rights in Iran.

      6- The deal has shown that great powers, including China and Russia, can work together to resolve one of the most dangerous challenges of recent years. This may open the way for more cooperation between the United States, Europe, Russia and China to deal with critical problems, as they did in the case of chemical weapons in Syria.

      7- The agreement has put an end to the military approach advocated by Israel and Saudi Arabia who seemed to have formed a tacit agreement to push for war in order to serve their own hegemonic interests.

      8. Perhaps above all, one of the greatest benefits of this deal has been to put some limits, at least for the time being, on the Israeli Lobby and their rightwing supporters in the Congress. It may make many people realize that the Lobby is not invincible and when it suits American interests it can be confronted and defeated. The various pro-Israeli lobbies and their affiliated media pulled out all the stops to oppose the deal.

      9- Hopefully, this deal and the failure of Netanyahu’s military solution will encourage the more peace-loving Israelis to turn to greater moderation, reaching an agreement with their Palestinian neighbors and elect a more moderate government.

      10- Finally, it is important to bear in mind that as an interim deal it is only the first step and the real battle starts now. We can be sure that the Israelis, the Saudis and hardliners in Congress will work hard to derail the deal and again lead the world towards confrontation. Netanyahu has already expressed his extreme displeasure with the deal. We should not let down our guard prematurely and should push for a long-term realistic, fair, balanced and equal deal with Iran.

  • American Writers are Self-Censoring to Avoid NSA Scrutiny (McCauley)
    • For a long time, Iranian writers and poets looked to America as the land of freedom and democracy and tried to learn from it to improve their society. Under the Shah, constant scrutiny by SAVAK meant that Iranians had to engage in self-censorship or learn to write in clever ways that would fool the ignorant censors. Sadly, that situation has continued under the present regime, and in many ways it is much worse than it was under the Shah. May be now, Iranians can reciprocate and teach their fellow-American writers how to evade the censors.

      Practically all leading writers and poets in Iran have complained about the lack of intellectual freedom. A great Iranian poet, Mehdi Akhavan-e Sales (1928-1990), blamed his contemporary generation for allowing that situation to continue. In a powerful poem, speaking on behalf of the ruins of Susa, he conveyed his message about the “spineless” generation:

      O spineless generation…
      Spineless generation, you have been imagined
      From nothing, you who are an effigy
      You who cast no reflection! …
      O how many days and how many nights
      Have come and have gone.
      Either destroy me, level me with the dust,
      Sweep me away, or rebuild me,
      O spineless generation…

      His other powerful poem 'Zemestan' (Winter) contains another bitter attack on his contemporaries, and symbolically expresses the chilly and frozen atmosphere that he experiences:

      They don't want to answer your greetings –
      Heads are in collars.
      Nobody wants to raise his head to answer
      Or to see a friend.
      Eyes can see only one step ahead
      For the road is dark and slippery.
      And if you extend a hand of love toward another
      With reluctance will he take out a hand from under his arm
      For the cold cuts hard.
      The breath which comes out of the warm space of your chest
      Turns into cloud, stands like a wall before your eyes.

      Ahmad Shamlu, a formidable critic of the former regime who had called on his compatriots to rise up, shortly after the victory of the revolution summed up the feeling of most of his fellow-poets in a poem called 'Dar in Bonbast' (In this dead-end road), in which the post-revolutionary period is described as a new and worse kind of hell:

      They sniff your mouth,
      Lest you've said, 'I love you,'
      They sniff your heart.
      These are strange times, darling…

      And they whip love
      On the barricades…
      We must hide love in the backroom of the house.
      They keep the fire burning
      In this crooked dead-end of the Cold
      With fuel
      Of songs and poems.

      Don't endanger yourself
      By thinking.
      These are strange times, darling…

      Whoever pounds on the door at night
      Has come to kill the light…
      We must hide light in the backroom of the house.

      They are the butchers
      Standing at the crossroads
      With clubs and bloody cleavers.
      These are strange times, darling…

      And they excise the smile
      From the lips, and the song from the mouth…
      We must hide Joy in the backroom of the house.

      The canary roasting
      Over a fire of lilies and jasmines
      These are strange times, darling…
      Drunk and victorious
      Satan feasts our mourning…
      We must hide God in the backroom of the house.

      Let us hope that things will not go that far in the United States. The only thing that keeps the United States from following the path of other totalitarian states in the past is the freedom of expression, uniquely enshrined in American constitution. It should be cherished and protected before it is too late.

  • Is the White House Right that More Iran Sanctions put US on "Path to War?"
    • Thank you for this clear and important column that shows the dangers of a possible war, much worse than the Iraq and Afghanistan wars combined. It is true that some of those who are opposing a US-Iranian deal are unaware of the consequences, but there are some who know the alternative and are deliberately pushing for it.

      It is now clear that those who celebrated the demise of the neocons did so prematurely. The inconclusive talks in Geneva prove the power of the Israeli lobby not only in the United States but also in many European countries, especially France. It is now clear where Fabius received his orders from as Gareth Porter explains link to truth-out.org The fact that Secretary Kerry found it fit to blame Iran for the breakdown of the talks erodes Iranian and international confidence in US good faith. Instead of misdirecting the blame, Secretary Kerry could have been more forthright with Fabius, but he too refused to confirm Iran’s right to enrichment link to goingtotehran.com

      However, it is not the end of the road and the failure of talks in Geneva should not be allowed to derail the constructive talks and provide an excuse for the warmongers. link to google.com

      The best solution is to convene another meeting at the ministerial level and this time push for an “end game” agreement and bring the protracted nuclear talks with Iran that have lasted for over ten years to a satisfactory conclusion. Otherwise, it is certain that the warmongers will not sit still and will find excuses to get the United States involved in another disastrous war.

  • France Crashes the Geneva Party, Scuttles Iran Deal
    • As usual, a very balanced and informative piece, but I would like to make a couple of points about it. In my view, Laurent Fabius’s efforts to derail the agreement between Iran and the P5+1 had less to do with the desire to forge a new position for France in the Middle East than to the following three factors:
      One: A change of French outlook towards Israel. It is true that in the past the French government had been opposed to Iraq war and followed relatively enlightened policies. That was under Jacque Chirac, but since the election of Nicolas Sarkozy the French policy towards the Middle East changed in favor of Israel. Shortly after coming to power in a speech Sarkozy bluntly pointed out that in future France would not adopt an impartial stance towards the Arabs and the Israelis but would strongly favor Israel. That policy has continued under Francois Hollande.
      Two: Hollande’s forthcoming visit to Israel. He is due to visit Israel in the coming days and is also scheduled to speak before the Knesset next week. After Netanyahu’s strong outburst against the deal with Iran, this is a gift that France is taking to Netanyahu.
      Three: Laurent Fabius’s strong pro-Israeli sentiments. Going beyond all the other foreign ministers, all of whom are close friends of Israel, Fabius insisted that “Israel’s security concerns should not be ignored at the Geneva talks”. Of course, he said nothing about Iran’s security concerns, Israel’s nuclear arsenal and her constant threats to attack Iran.

      In my view, the issue of Arak reactor is quite bogus because it is not a proliferation problem. A prominent expert in the field, Peter Jenkins, a British career diplomat and former UK Ambassador to the IAEA, in an article in response to Netanyahu’s charges wrote: “To extract plutonium from spent reactor fuel a reprocessing facility is necessary. Neither the IAEA nor US intelligence has ever come across evidence of an Iranian reprocessing facility. Iran has assured friend and foe for the last ten years that it has no intention of acquiring a reprocessing capability.” link to lobelog.com

      Today, Mark Thomason commented in New York Times: “It is just not true that the Arak reactor is a proliferation problem. Just the opposite.

      First, a heavy water reactor uses natural uranium fuel without enrichment. In that way it is the opposite of a proliferation problem, it is an alternative to enrichment.

      Second, the sort of plutonium needed for a bomb requires the fuel rods be removed and replaced every six weeks, so that plutonium does not turn into other things not usable in a bomb. The bomb stuff is a transitional product. Pulling a reactor core every six weeks is a really obvious thing to do. They say they won't, we'll have monitors, and even without monitors we'd see something that big done every six weeks.

      Third, the fuel rods are very dangerous. See the Japanese problem today.

      Fourth, the plutonium removal process is even more dangerous, so much so that the Japanese for one never attempted it. The stuff is poisonous on the scale of polonium, and so difficult to work with, and any accidental concentration over five kilos goes off as a nuclear blast. It is like working with black powder, plus it will poison you if the smallest speck of dust gets on you.

      Fifth, the Iranians do not have any plant to do that work, and it would be a big complex plant we'd notice, and a train of nuclear cores going into it every six weeks would be really obvious too.

      This is not a real problem. This is hysteria being used as an excuse for other things.”
      link to nytimes.com

  • Top Reasons Israel's Likud Really Opposes an Iran Nuclear Deal
    • I really cannot understand the rightwing Israeli logic that an Iran that has friendly relations with the United States and the West is more of a threat to them than an Iran that is hostile to the West.

      The other important point is the total disregard of international law. According to the NPT, which contrary to Israel Iran has joined, all member states have "the inalienable right" to have access to peaceful nuclear technology and all that goes with it. It is quite extraordinary that a country that has illegally amassed a large number of nuclear weapons and has not joined the NPT wants to deny a member state of its rights under that treaty.

      The other extraordinary fact is that the rest of the world tolerates this ridiculous situation and has remained silent about Israeli nuclear arsenal. The key to ensuring the security of all Middle Eastern states is to push for a Nuclear-Free Zone in the Middle East and force Israel to declare and destroy her nuclear weapons under international inspection.

  • It wasn't Arafat who was Assassinated but the Palestinian People
    • It was a widespread belief among the Palestinians and even some Israelis that the Israelis had poisoned Yasser Arafat. Even during his final illness many prominent Palestinians speculated that he was suffering from poisoning. Ghada Karmi, a London-based Palestinian physician said as much: link to weekly.ahram.org.eg
      Uri Avnery, a former member of Knesset, also believed that Arafat had been poisoned link to original.antiwar.com
      He also rightly pointed out that his death was a loss not only to the Palestinians but to any prospect of peace between the Palestinians and the Israelis because he had the personal authority to sign a peace deal with Israel link to youtube.com
      Of course, certain people such as Sharon and Netanyahu never wanted to reach a peace settlement with the Palestinians. Therefore, they regarded his death as a means of the continuation of the occupation.

  • CIA Drone Kills Pakistan Taliban Leader on Eve of Peace talks with Islamabad
    • It is also a bit of a cut and mouse game between Pakistan and Afghanistan. When the Afghans wanted to speak directly to the Taliban, Pakistani authorities prevented it because they do not like to lose their control over the Taliban and when the Pakistanis want to talk to them the Americans kill them, probably on behalf of the Afghans to prevent the Pakistanis from having the initiative. It is all sad for all the poor people who get killed in this senseless tit for tat game.

  • Top Ten Reasons the US should Stay out of Iraq and put Conditions on Arms Sales
    • In his Op-Ed in New York Times, Prime Minister Maliki said that his country needed air defense capabilities in order to defend itself against “better-armed neighbors”. link to nytimes.com
      At the moment, Iraq is not facing a conventional war by any of her neighbors, but Iraq is facing a deadly insurgency with over 7,000 killed this year alone, the worst figure for the past five years. It is clear that the insurgency is not totally home-grown but is part of the regional Sunni uprising and an extension of “the Islamic Emirate of Sham and Iraq”, in other words a militant Sunni state covering both Syria and Iraq and extending to Saudi Arabia and Persian Gulf littoral states. The success of these terrorist groups is not in anyone’s interest. While Iraq does not need sophisticated fighter aircraft, it certainly can do with helicopters and other equipment to stem the tide of the militant Salafis and other jihadists pouring in from Syria.

      The United States – or rather the Bush Administration – was certainly the cause of the civil war, but after all the sacrifices in lives and treasure, the United States should make sure that Iraq does not become another failed state like Somalia or increasingly Syria. As Maliki said in his Op-Ed, Iraq is not a US protectorate but a partner. Many people in the Congress may feel bad that Iraq did not allow US forces to remain in Iraq, but their misplaced anger should not prevent the United States from being on friendly terms with an independent Iraq and help it develop into a more democratic state than it actually is at present. Some may say that after the suffering that the United States has caused Iraq over the past few decades it actually owes her as much.

  • The American Quagmire in Afghanistan by the Numbers (21,565 US Troops Dead or Wounded)
    • It is very useful to have these figures so clearly displayed to show us the futility of making war to achieve peace, or to bring democracy and human rights to a country or to engage in nation-building.

      However, although even the death of a single person is regrettable and it is obscene to get engaged in a numbers game, it seems that the figure of 15,000 for the number of Afghan civilians killed is very conservative. One study published in October 2011, or more than two years ago, put the estimate of the number of civilian casualties to range from 11,400 to 34,000 by then, and that was a study that tried to report favorably about the number of casualties in that war compared to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. link to opendemocracy.net

      Other studies have put the number much higher than the above estimates. According to a report by a prominent Guardian reporter, Jonathan Steele, as many as 20,000 Afghans died in 2001 alone as the result of the initial US airstrikes and ground invasion. link to theguardian.com
      Of course, if one adds to those figures, the number of civilians killed by insurgent forces the total number would be much higher.

  • The American Genocide Against Iraq: 4% of Population Dead as result of US sanctions, wars
    • Those who are quibbling about whether the two invasions of Iraq constituted genocide or not should view the two following short videos. I must warn that they are quite gruesome.
      link to youtube.com
      link to youtube.com

      The blog also said nothing of the use of depleted uranium that will continue killing many people in Iraq for decades to come.
      link to youtube.com

      Of course, the vast majority of Americans had no knowledge of this and were not responsible for it, but the sad thing is that those who were responsible have not been prosecuted.

  • Top Ten Ways the US and Iran could avoid a Catastrophic War
    • This blog provides a clear and realistic roadmap for not only avoiding another catastrophic war in the Middle East but also for resolving the disputes between Iran and the West and the resumption of relations with the United States. Judging by the comments that have been made on the margins of the meeting between Iran and P5+1 in Geneva over 15 and 16 October, it seems that the Iranian side is prepared to accept nearly all points in return for the lifting of the sanctions.
      The first point, namely Iran stopping to be prickly and nationalistic, seems to be the most difficult, in the same way that it would be difficult for the US not to see itself as an exceptional country or as the sole super-power, but the election of Rouhani at least shows that the majority of Iranians have become tired of isolationism. Rouhani has actually threatened that he would put his proposal of détente with the West to a referendum if hardliners try to block it. He will be sure of getting a huge majority for his policies.

      Even under Ahmadinezhad Iran offered to give up enrichment to 19.5 per cent if there was a guarantee that Iran would receive the needed fuel for its medical reactor in Tehran. As to the issue of real-time monitoring, Iran has indicated that she would be ready to join the Additional Protocol, which would allow for unannounced inspection, as the end result of the talks. Iran’s deputy foreign minister Abbas Aragchi, who is currently leading the negotiations, has actually said as much. link to lobelog.com
      The sanctions were imposed allegedly for stopping Iran acquiring nuclear weapons. If Iran’s enrichment program comes under constant supervision of the IAEA, logically there will be no further ground for maintaining the sanctions. The Iranians would like to know of the endgame, namely lifting of sanctions for absolute guarantee of a peaceful enrichment program.
      I believe that getting the support of the US Congress would be the most difficult part of the equation. Only a few days ago a group of influential US senators in a letter to President Obama said that sanctions on Iran should be lifted only if Iran stops enrichment altogether link to lobelog.com
      In fact, as most participants in the talks make optimistic noises about a workable solution, Netanyahu again threatens to carry out a pre-emptive strike on Iran. link to lobelog.com
      So the real obstacle to a deal does not seem to rest with the Iranian side, but with Israel and its American friends.

  • Netanyahu and Iranian Jeans: Ironies of Modernity and Tradition
    • Dear RD Sultan,

      I am sorry I did not keep a record of the poll that I saw about a year ago that put the number of Iranians who attend Friday prayers regularly to be less than five per cent. I was surprised by that too. However, this does not mean that the majority of Iranians are not pious and religious, but some of the exhibitions of religiosity is definitely state sponsored. In the link that you have quoted above it says "The Islamic regime claims that Iranians have become more religious." Judging by personal contacts and other evidence clearly many Iranians have been turned off religion as the result of the excesses of the Iranian government, like what one can see in the link that Amir has provided.

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